Element 4 of Periodic table is
Beryllium with atomic number 4,
atomic weight 9.012182.
Beryllium, symbol Be, has a
Simple Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color.
Beryllium is a alkaline earth metal element.
Trivial name of Beryllium is alkaline earth metals*.
Know everything about Beryllium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4. It is created through stellar nucleosynthesis and is a relatively rare element in the universe. It is a divalent element which occurs naturally only in combination with other elements in minerals.
Read key information and facts about element Beryllium
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
4 to find Beryllium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Beryllium on periodic
table look for cross section of group 2 and period
2 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Beryllium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year
1797 in France
derived its name from beryl, a mineral
The table below shows the abundance of Beryllium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Beryllium is Simple Hexagonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Beryllium atoms have 4 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
Shell Structure of Beryllium - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Beryllium atom is
The portion of Beryllium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [He]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 2s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Beryllium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
Beryllium atomic radius is 112 pm, while it's covalent radius is 90 pm.
The electron affinity of Beryllium is 0 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Beryllium
Refer to below table for Beryllium Physical Properties
Beryllium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Beryllium
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Beryllium
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Beryllium has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases