Yb Ytterbium – Element Information, Facts, Properties, Trends,Uses, Comparison with other elements

70
Yb
Ytterbium

Ytterbium

Element 70 of Periodic table is Ytterbium with atomic number 70, atomic weight 173.04. Ytterbium, symbol Yb, has a Face Centered Cubic structure and Silver color. Ytterbium is a lanthanide element. Know everything about Ytterbium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.

70 Yb - Ytterbium | SchoolMyKids

Ytterbium is a chemical element with symbol Yb and atomic number 70. It is the fourteenth and penultimate element in the lanthanide series, which is the basis of the relative stability of its +2 oxidation state. However, like the other lanthanides, its most common oxidation state is +3, seen in its oxide, halides and other compounds.

How to Locate Ytterbium on Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 70 to find Ytterbium on periodic table.

Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Ytterbium on periodic table look for cross section of group N/A and period 6 in the modern periodic table.

Table of Contents

Ytterbium History

The element Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1878 in Switzerland . Ytterbium derived its name from Ytterby, Sweden

Ytterbium Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Ytterbium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

  Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
Abundance in Universe 2×10-7%
Abundance in Sun 1×10-7%
Abundance in Meteorites 1.8e-07
Abundance in Earth's Crust 2.8e-06
Abundance in Oceans 8×10-11%
Abundance in Humans N/A

Crystal Structure of Ytterbium

The solid state structure of Ytterbium is Face Centered Cubic.

The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit Cell Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
548.47 548.47 548.47 pm

and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

Space Group Name Fm_ 3m 70 Yb Ytterbium - Crystal Structure | SchoolMyKids
Space Group Number 225
Crystal Structure Face Centered Cubic

Ytterbium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Ytterbium atoms have 70 electrons and the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.

Atomic Number 70
Number of Electrons (with no charge) 70
Number of Protons 70
Mass Number 173
Number of Neutrons 103
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) [2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2]
Electron Configuration [Xe] 4f14 6s2
Valence Electrons 4f14 6s2
Oxidation State 2;3
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell Structure of Ytterbium - Electrons per energy level

70 Yb Ytterbium - Electron Shell Structure | SchoolMyKids
n s p d f
1 K 2
2 L 2 6
3 M 2 6 10
4 N 2 6 10 14
5 O 2 6
6 P 2

Ground State Electronic Configuration of Ytterbium - neutral Ytterbium atom

The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Ytterbium atom is [Xe] 4f14 6s2. The portion of Ytterbium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Xe]. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electrons 4f14 6s2, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.

Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Ytterbium

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Ytterbium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 6s2

Atomic Structure of Ytterbium

Ytterbium atomic radius is 222 pm, while it's covalent radius is N/A.

Atomic Radius

222 pm (2.22 Å)

Atomic Volume 26.3378995434 cm3
Covalent Radius N/A
Van der Waals Radius N/A
Neutron Cross Section 35 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Ytterbium

Atomic Spectrum of Ytterbium | SchoolMyKids

Ytterbium Chemical Properties: Ytterbium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of Ytterbium is 50 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity N/A
ElectronAffinity 50 kJ/mol

Ionization Energy of Ytterbium

Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Ytterbium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 603.4
2 1174.8
3 2417
4 4203

Ytterbium Physical Properties

Refer to below table for Ytterbium Physical Properties

Density 6.57 g/cm3
Molar Volume 26.3378995434 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 24 GPa
Shear Modulus 9.9 GPa
Bulk Modulus 31 GPa
Poisson Ratio 0.21

Hardness of Ytterbium - Tests to Measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness 206 MPa
Brinell Hardness 343 MPa

Ytterbium Electrical Properties

Ytterbium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table below for the Electrical properties of Ytterbium

Electrical Conductivity 3.6×106 S/m
Resistivity 2.8×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting Point N/A

Ytterbium Heat and Conduction Properties

Thermal Conductivity 39 W/(m K)
Thermal Expansion 0.0000263 K-1

Ytterbium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic Type Paramagnetic
Curie Point N/A
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility 5.9×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 1.02×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 3.88e-05

Optical Properties of Ytterbium

Refractive Index N/A

Acoustic Properties of Ytterbium

Speed of Sound 1590 m/s

Ytterbium Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Ytterbium

Melting Point 1092 K (819 °C)
Boiling Point 1469 K (1196 °C)
Critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting Point N/A

Enthalpies of Ytterbium

Heat of Fusion 7.7 kJ/mol
Heat of Vaporization 160 kJ/mol
Heat of Combustion N/A

Ytterbium Isotopes - Nuclear Properties of Ytterbium

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Ytterbium has 7 stable isotope - 168Yb, 170Yb, 171Yb, 172Yb, 173Yb, 174Yb, 176Yb.

Isotope Isotope Mass % Abundance T half Decay Mode
148Yb  
149Yb  
150Yb  
151Yb  
152Yb  
153Yb  
154Yb  
155Yb  
156Yb  
157Yb  
158Yb  
159Yb  
160Yb  
161Yb  
162Yb  
163Yb  
164Yb  
165Yb  
166Yb  
167Yb  
168Yb   0.13% Stable N/A
169Yb  
170Yb   3.04% Stable N/A
171Yb   14.28% Stable N/A
172Yb   21.83% Stable N/A
173Yb   16.13% Stable N/A
174Yb   31.83% Stable N/A
175Yb  
176Yb   12.76% Stable N/A
177Yb  
178Yb  
179Yb  
180Yb  
181Yb  

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-64-4
RTECS Number RTECSZG1925000
DOT Hazard Class N/A
DOT Numbers N/A
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA Hazards N/A
NFPA Health Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition Point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases

Database Identifier number
CAS Number - Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) CAS7440-64-4
CID Number CID23992
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSZG1925000

List of Elements
1 H - Hydrogen
2 He - Helium
3 Li - Lithium
4 Be - Beryllium
5 B - Boron
6 C - Carbon
7 N - Nitrogen
8 O - Oxygen
9 F - Fluorine
10 Ne - Neon
11 Na - Sodium
12 Mg - Magnesium
13 Al - Aluminium
14 Si - Silicon
15 P - Phosphorus
16 S - Sulfur
17 Cl - Chlorine
18 Ar - Argon
19 K - Potassium
20 Ca - Calcium
21 Sc - Scandium
22 Ti - Titanium
23 V - Vanadium
24 Cr - Chromium
25 Mn - Manganese
26 Fe - Iron
27 Co - Cobalt
28 Ni - Nickel
29 Cu - Copper
30 Zn - Zinc
31 Ga - Gallium
32 Ge - Germanium
33 As - Arsenic
34 Se - Selenium
35 Br - Bromine
36 Kr - Krypton
37 Rb - Rubidium
38 Sr - Strontium
39 Y - Yttrium
40 Zr - Zirconium
41 Nb - Niobium
42 Mo - Molybdenum
43 Tc - Technetium
44 Ru - Ruthenium
45 Rh - Rhodium
46 Pd - Palladium
47 Ag - Silver
48 Cd - Cadmium
49 In - Indium
50 Sn - Tin
51 Sb - Antimony
52 Te - Tellurium
53 I - Iodine
54 Xe - Xenon
55 Cs - Cesium
56 Ba - Barium
57 La - Lanthanum
58 Ce - Cerium
59 Pr - Praseodymium
60 Nd - Neodymium
61 Pm - Promethium
62 Sm - Samarium
63 Eu - Europium
64 Gd - Gadolinium
65 Tb - Terbium
66 Dy - Dysprosium
67 Ho - Holmium
68 Er - Erbium
69 Tm - Thulium
70 Yb - Ytterbium
71 Lu - Lutetium
72 Hf - Hafnium
73 Ta - Tantalum
74 W - Tungsten
75 Re - Rhenium
76 Os - Osmium
77 Ir - Iridium
78 Pt - Platinum
79 Au - Gold
80 Hg - Mercury
81 Tl - Thallium
82 Pb - Lead
83 Bi - Bismuth
84 Po - Polonium
85 At - Astatine
86 Rn - Radon
87 Fr - Francium
88 Ra - Radium
89 Ac - Actinium
90 Th - Thorium
91 Pa - Protactinium
92 U - Uranium
93 Np - Neptunium
94 Pu - Plutonium
95 Am - Americium
96 Cm - Curium
97 Bk - Berkelium
98 Cf - Californium
99 Es - Einsteinium
100 Fm - Fermium
101 Md - Mendelevium
102 No - Nobelium
103 Lr - Lawrencium
104 Rf - Rutherfordium
105 Db - Dubnium
106 Sg - Seaborgium
107 Bh - Bohrium
108 Hs - Hassium
109 Mt - Meitnerium
110 Ds - Darmstadtium
111 Rg - Roentgenium
112 Cn - Copernicium
113 Nh - Nihonium
114 Fl - Flerovium
115 Mc - Moscovium
116 Lv - Livermorium
117 Ts - Tennessine
118 Og - Oganesson
Metalloid
Nonmetals
Other Nonmetals
Halogens Noble Gas
Metals
Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals
Transition Metals Post-Transition Metals
Lanthanide Actinide