Element 39 of Periodic table is
Yttrium with atomic number 39,
atomic weight 88.90585.
Yttrium, symbol Y, has a
Simple Hexagonal structure and Silver color.
Yttrium is a transition metal element.
Know everything about Yttrium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Yttrium is a chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39. It is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and it has often been classified as a "rare earth element". Yttrium is almost always found combined with the lanthanides in rare earth minerals and is never found in nature as a free element.
Read key information and facts about element Yttrium
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
39 to find Yttrium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Yttrium on periodic
table look for cross section of group 3 and period
5 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in year
1794 in Finland
derived its name from Ytterby, Sweden
The table below shows the abundance of Yttrium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Yttrium is Simple Hexagonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Yttrium atoms have 39 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2D3/2.
Shell Structure of Yttrium - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Yttrium atom is
[Kr] 4d1 5s2.
The portion of Yttrium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Kr]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4d1 5s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Yttrium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d1 5s2
Yttrium atomic radius is 212 pm, while it's covalent radius is 162 pm.
The electron affinity of Yttrium is 29.6 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Yttrium
Refer to below table for Yttrium Physical Properties
Yttrium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Yttrium
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Yttrium
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Yttrium has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases