Element 46 of Periodic table is
Palladium with atomic number 46,
atomic weight 106.42.
Palladium, symbol Pd, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and Silver color.
Palladium is a transition metal element.
Know everything about Palladium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46. It is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal discovered in 1803 by William Hyde Wollaston. He named it after the asteroid Pallas, which was itself named after the epithet of the Greek goddess Athena, acquired by her when she slew Pallas.
Read key information and facts about element Palladium
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
46 to find Palladium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Palladium on periodic
table look for cross section of group 10 and period
5 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Palladium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year
1803 in United Kingdom
derived its name from the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time
The table below shows the abundance of Palladium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Palladium is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Palladium atoms have 46 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 18] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
Shell Structure of Palladium - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Palladium atom is
The portion of Palladium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Kr]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4d10, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Palladium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10
Palladium atomic radius is 169 pm, while it's covalent radius is 131 pm.
The electron affinity of Palladium is 53.7 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Palladium
Refer to below table for Palladium Physical Properties
Palladium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Palladium
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Palladium
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Palladium has
6 stable isotope -
102Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 108Pd, 110Pd.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases