Element 10 of Periodic table is
Neon with atomic number 10,
atomic weight 20.1797.
Neon, symbol Ne, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and Colorless color.
Neon is a noble gas element.
Trivial name of Neon is noble gases*, aerogens.
Know everything about Neon Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Neon is a chemical element with symbol Ne and atomic number 10. It is in group 18 (noble gases) of the periodic table. Neon is a colorless, odorless, inert monatomic gas under standard conditions, with about two-thirds the density of air.
Read key information and facts about element Neon
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
10 to find Neon on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Neon on periodic
table look for cross section of group 18 and period
2 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Neon was discovered by Morris Travers in year
1898 in United Kingdom
derived its name from the Greek neos, meaning 'new'
The table below shows the abundance of Neon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Neon is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Neon atoms have 10 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
Shell Structure of Neon - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Neon atom is
[He] 2s2 2p6.
The portion of Neon configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [He]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 2s2 2p6, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Neon atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6
Neon atomic radius is 38 pm, while it's covalent radius is 69 pm.
The electron affinity of Neon is 0 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Neon
Refer to below table for Neon Physical Properties
Neon is N/A of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Neon
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Neon
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Neon has
3 stable isotope -
20Ne, 21Ne, 22Ne.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases