Element 24 of Periodic table is
Chromium with atomic number 24,
atomic weight 51.9961.
Chromium, symbol Cr, has a
Body Centered Cubic structure and Silver color.
Chromium is a transition metal element.
Know everything about Chromium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24. It is the first element in Group 6. It is a steely-gray, lustrous, hard and brittle metal which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point.
Read key information and facts about element Chromium
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
24 to find Chromium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Chromium on periodic
table look for cross section of group 6 and period
4 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Chromium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in year
1797 in France
derived its name from the Greek word chroma, meaning 'color'
The table below shows the abundance of Chromium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Chromium is Body Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Chromium atoms have 24 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 13, 1] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 7S3.
Shell Structure of Chromium - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Chromium atom is
[Ar] 3d5 4s1.
The portion of Chromium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ar]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3d5 4s1, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Chromium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s1
Chromium atomic radius is 166 pm, while it's covalent radius is 127 pm.
The electron affinity of Chromium is 64.3 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Chromium
Refer to below table for Chromium Physical Properties
Chromium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Chromium
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Chromium
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Chromium has
4 stable isotope -
50Cr, 52Cr, 53Cr, 54Cr.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases