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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Uranium vs Plutonium

Compare Uranium and Plutonium

Compare Uranium and Plutonium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Uranium vs Plutonium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare U vs Pu on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Uranium
92
U
238.02891
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
1135 °C
3927 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
CAS7440-61-1
Neighborhood Elements of Uranium
Plutonium
94
Pu
244
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
640 °C
3230 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
CAS7440-07-5
Neighborhood Elements of Plutonium

History

History
The element Uranium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Uranium derived its name from from Uranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System
The element Plutonium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg in year 1940 in United States. Plutonium derived its name derived its name from from Pluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System (then considered the ninth planet)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-8%
1×10-7%
9.8×10-7%
1.8e-06
3.3×10-7%
1×10-7%
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

175 pm
12.494955905512 cm3
N/A
186 pm
7.57
uranium Spectrum
285.37, 586.95, 495.48 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmcm
63

Base Centered Orthorhombic

uranium Crystal Structure
175 pm
12.313282196205 cm3
N/A
N/A
1.7
plutonium Spectrum
618.3, 482.2, 1096.3 pm
π/2, 1.776571, π/2
P121/m1
11

Simple Monoclinic

plutonium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
92
92
92
238.02891
146.02891
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
5f3 6d1 7s2
 1;2;3;4;5;6
5L6
uranium Shells
94
94
94
244
150
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
5f6 7s2
 2;3;4;5;6;7
7F0
plutonium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
1.38
N/A
597.6, 1420 kJ/mol
6
1.28
N/A
584.7 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

19.05 g/cm3
12.494955905512

 

208 GPa
111 GPa
100 GPa
0.23


 

6 MPa
1960 MPa
2.4×103 MPa

 

3.6×106 S/m
2.8×10-7 m Ω
0.68

 

27 W/(m K)
0.0000139 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.16×10-8
5.14×10-9
0.000411

 

N/A

 

3155 m/s
19.816 g/cm3
12.313282196205

 

96 GPa
43 GPa
N/A
0.21


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

6.7×105 S/m
1.5×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

6 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
3.17×10-8
7.735×10-9
0.0006282

 

N/A

 

2260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1135 °C
3927 °C
N/A
0.68

 

14 kJ/mol
420 kJ/mol
N/A
640 °C
3230 °C
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
325 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-61-1
RTECSYR3490000
7
2979
EU231-170-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-07-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
EU231-117-7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A