Element 17 of Periodic table is
Chlorine with atomic number 17,
atomic weight 35.453.
Chlorine, symbol Cl, has a
Base Centered Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color.
Chlorine is a halogens element.
Trivial name of Chlorine is halogens*.
Know everything about Chlorine Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17. It also has a relative atomic mass of 35.5. Chlorine is in the halogen group (17) and is the second lightest halogen following fluorine.
Read key information and facts about element Chlorine
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
17 to find Chlorine on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Chlorine on periodic
table look for cross section of group 17 and period
3 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year
1774 in Sweden
derived its name from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'
The table below shows the abundance of Chlorine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Chlorine is Base Centered Orthorhombic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Chlorine atoms have 17 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 7] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.
Shell Structure of Chlorine - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Chlorine atom is
[Ne] 3s2 3p5.
The portion of Chlorine configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ne]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3s2 3p5, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Chlorine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Chlorine atomic radius is 79 pm, while it's covalent radius is 99 pm.
The electron affinity of Chlorine is 349 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Chlorine
Refer to below table for Chlorine Physical Properties
Chlorine is Insulator of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Chlorine
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Chlorine
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Chlorine has
2 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases