Element 79 of Periodic table is
Gold with atomic number 79,
atomic weight 196.96655.
Gold, symbol Au, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and Gold color.
Gold is a transition metal element.
Trivial name of Gold is coinage metals.
Know everything about Gold Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from Latin:aurum) and atomic number 79. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable and ductile metal. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element.
Read key information and facts about element Gold
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
79 to find Gold on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Gold on periodic
table look for cross section of group 11 and period
6 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year
2500 BC in unknown place
derived its name from English word (aurum in Latin)
The table below shows the abundance of Gold in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Gold is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Gold atoms have 79 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2S1/2.
Shell Structure of Gold - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Gold atom is
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1.
The portion of Gold configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Xe]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4f14 5d10 6s1, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Gold atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s1
Gold atomic radius is 174 pm, while it's covalent radius is 144 pm.
The electron affinity of Gold is 222.8 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Gold
Refer to below table for Gold Physical Properties
Gold is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Gold
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Gold
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Gold has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases