Element 18 of Periodic table is
Argon with atomic number 18,
atomic weight 39.948.
Argon, symbol Ar, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and Colorless color.
Argon is a noble gas element.
Trivial name of Argon is noble gases*, aerogens.
Know everything about Argon Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18. It is in group 18 of the periodic table and is a noble gas. Argon is the third most common gas in the Earth's atmosphere, at 0.934% (9,340 ppmv), making it over twice as abundant as the next most common atmospheric gas, water vapor (which averages about 4000 ppmv, but varies greatly), and 23 times as abundant as the next most common non-condensing atmospheric gas, carbon dioxide (400 ppmv), and more than 500 times as abundant as the next most common noble gas, neon (18 ppmv).
Read key information and facts about element Argon
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
18 to find Argon on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Argon on periodic
table look for cross section of group 18 and period
3 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Argon was discovered by Lord Rayleigh in year
1894 in United Kingdom
derived its name from the Greek word argos, meaning 'idle'
The table below shows the abundance of Argon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Argon is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Argon atoms have 18 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 8] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
Shell Structure of Argon - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Argon atom is
[Ne] 3s2 3p6.
The portion of Argon configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ne]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3s2 3p6, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Argon atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6
Argon atomic radius is 71 pm, while it's covalent radius is 97 pm.
The electron affinity of Argon is 0 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Argon
Refer to below table for Argon Physical Properties
Argon is N/A of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Argon
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Argon
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Argon has
3 stable isotope -
36Ar, 38Ar, 40Ar.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases