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CBSE Class 10th Social Science Syllabus 2020-21 and Past Papers (Code No. 087)

By SchoolMyKids Expert|17 - 18 mins read| February 15, 2023

CBSE Class X Social Science Syllabus and Course Structure 2020-21.  Check out CBSE Class 10th Social Science Syllabus, CBSE Class 10th Social Science Previous year question papers, CBSE Class 10th Social Science Sample Papers. Check out CBSE Class 10th Syllabus and Past Papers of other CBSE Class 10th Course CBSE Class 10th Science Syllabus 2020-21 and Past PapersCBSE Class 10th Mathematics Syllabus 2020-21 and Past Papers, CBSE Class 10th English Language And Literature Syllabus 2020-21 and Past Papers, CBSE Class 10th English Communicative Syllabus 2020-21 and Past Papers, or check out CBSE Class 10th Previous Year Question Papers and Sample Papers Solved. Continue to read for CBSE Class 10th Syllabus Social Science.

The Article covers following information related to CBSE Class 10th Social Science

  1. Section wise weightage
  2. Section wise Syllabus and learning objective
  3. Project Work
  4. Prescribed books
  5. Question Paper format
  6. List of locations for Map

Section Wise Weightage CBSE Class 10th Social Science

Total duration of the exam of the exam will be 3 Hrs. Marks: 80

Units MarksSuggested # of Periods to be alloted
IIndia and the Contemporary World – II2060
IIContemporary India – II2055
IIIDemocratic Politics II2050
IVUnderstanding Economic Development2050

CBSE Class 10th Social Science Exam Paper Format and CBSE Class 10th Syllabus Social Science

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World-II       60 Periods

In Sub-unit 1.1 students are required to choose any two themes. In that sub-unit, theme 3 is compulsory and for second theme students are required to choose any one from the first two themes.

  In Sub-units 1.2 and 1.3 students are required to choose any one theme from each. Thus all students are required to study four themes in all.

Sub-unit 1.1 : Events and processes: Any two of the following themes:

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:

(a) The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s. (b) The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini, etc. (c) General characteristics of the movements in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and Greece. (Chapter 1)

2. The Nationalist Movement in Indo – China: Factors Leading to Growth of Nationalism in Indo-China

(a)French colonialism in Indo-China. (b) Phases of struggle against the French. (c) The ideas of Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Boi Chau, HO Chi Minh (d) The Second World War and the liberation struggle. (e) America and the Vietnam war. (Chapter 2)

•The theme will discuss the forms in which nationalism developed along with the formation of nation states in Europe in the post-1830 period.

•Discuss the relationship/difference between European nationalism and anti-colonial nationalisms.•Point to the way the idea of the Formath required nati-on states became generalized in Europe and elsewhere.

•Discuss the difference between Fre-nch colonialism in Indo-China and British colonialism in India.

•Outline the different stages of the anti- imperialist struggle in Indo-China.

•Familiarize the students with the differences between nationalist movements in Indo China and India.

•Discuss the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Civil Disobedience Movement.

•Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time.

3. Nationalism in India:

(a) Impact of First world war, Khilafat, NonCooperation and Differing Strands within the Movement. (b) Salt Satyagraha. (c) Movements of peasants, workers, tribals. (d) Limits of Civil Disobedience.  (e) The Sense of Collective Belonging. (Chapter 3)

•    Familiarize students with the writings and ideals of different political groups and individuals, notably Mahatama Gandhi.
Sub-unit 1.2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies:

Any one of the following themes:4. The making of a Global World: (a) The Pre-modern world (b) The Nineteenth Century global economy, colonialism) (c) The Inter war Economy (Great Depression) (d) Rebuilding the World Economy5. The Age of Industrialization :(a) Proto-industrialization and pace of industrial change (b) Life of workers (c) Industrialization in the colonies (d) Early Entrepreneurs & workers (e) The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth (f) Market for Goods6. Work, Life & Leisure :(a)Development of modern cities due to Industrialization in London & Bombay(b)Housing and Land Reclamation (c) Social Changes in the cities (d) Cities and the challenge of the EnvironmentSub-unit 1.3 : Everyday Life, Culture and Politics Any one of the following themes:7. Print Culture and the Modern World: (a) The history of print in Europe. (b) The growth of press in nineteenth century India. (c) Relationship between print culture, public debate and politics. (Chapter 7)

•Show that globalizaton has a long history and point to the shifts within the process.


•Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies.

•Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.

•Familiarize students with the Proto-Industrial phase and Early – factory system.

•To make them understand, about the process of industrialization and its impact on labour class.

•To explain them about industrialization in the colonies in reference to Textile industries.

•Show the difference between urbanization in two different contexts. A focus on Bombay and London will allow the discussions on urbanization and industrialization to complement each other.

•Discuss the link between print culture and the circulation of ideas.

•Familiarize students with pictures, cartoons, extracts from propaganda literature and newspaper debates on important events and issues in the past.

8. Novels, Society and History:

(a) Emergence of the novel as a genre in the west. (b) The relationship between the novel and changes in modern society. (c) Early novels in nineteenth century India. (d) A study of two or three major writers.(Chapter 8)

•Show that forms of writing have a specific history, and that they reflect historical changes within society and shape the forces of change.


•Familiarize students with some of the ideas of writers who have had a powerful impact on society.

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II

Suggested number of period to cover this unit: 55 Periods

1. Resources and Development: Types – natural and human; Need for resource planning, natural resources, land as a resource, soil types and distribution; changing land-use pattern; land degradation and conservation measures.(Chapter 1)

3. Water Resources: Sources, distribution, utilisation, multi-purpose projects, water scarcity, need for conservation and management, rainwater harvesting. (One case study to be introduced) (Chapter 3)4. Agriculture: Types of farming, major crops, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms; their impact; contribution of Agriculture to national economy-employment and output.Note : Content of pg no. 44-47 of NCERT Textbook is to be deleted. (Chapter 4)

•Understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilisation and conservation.

•Understand the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards its judicious use and conservation.•Understand the importance of agriculture in national economy.

•Identify various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods; Describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern.

•Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.

5. Minerals and Energy Resources:

Types of minerals, distribution (Note : on map only) use and economic importance of minerals, conservation, types of power resources: conventional and non- conventional, distribution and utilization, and conservation. (Chapter 5)

6.Manufacturing Industries:

Types, spatial distribution (Note : on map only) contribution of industries to the national economy, industrial pollution and degradation of environment, measures to control degradation. Note : Content mentioned on page no. 74-75 of NCERT, Geography Text book i.e. Aluminium Smelting, Chemical Industries, Fertilizer Industry, Cement Industry is not required to be deliver in class room during instruction.7. Life Lines of National Economy : Importance of means of Communication and transportation, Trade & Tourism (Chapter 7)

•Discuss various types of minerals as well as their uneven nature of distribution and explain the need for their judicious utilisation.

 •Discuss various types of conventional and non- conventional resources and their utilization.•Discuss the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas.•Discuss the need for a planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.•To explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever shrinking world.•To understand the role of trade in the economic development of a country.

Project / Activity:

  • Learners may collect photographs of typical rural houses, and clothing of people from different regions of India and examine whether they reflect any relationship with climatic conditions and relief of the area.
  • Learners may write a brief report on various irrigation practices in the village and the change in cropping pattern in the last decade.


  • Pollution of water in the locality.
  • Depletion of forests and the greenhouse effect.

Note: Any similar activity may be taken up.

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II

Suggested number of periods to cover this unit: 50 Periods

1&2. Power Sharing & Federalism:

Why and how is power shared in democracies? How has federal division of power in India helped national unity? To what extent has decentralisation achieved this objective? How does democracy accommodate different social groups? (Chapter 1&2)3&4. Democracy and Diversity & Gender, Religion and Caste:

Are divisions inherent to the working of democracy? What has been the effect of caste on politics and of politics on caste? How has the gender division shaped politics? How do communal divisions affect democracy? (Chapter 3&4)

5. Popular Struggles and Movements (Note : Ch-5 is to be done as project work only and will not be evaluated in theory)6. Political Parties: What role do political parties play in competition and contestation? Which are the major national and regional parties in India? (Chapter 6)7. Outcomes of Democracy:Can or should democracy be judged by its outcomes? What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies? Does democracy in India meet these expectations? Has democracy led to development, security and dignity for the people? What sustains democracy in India?(Chapter 7)

•Introduce students to the centrality of power sharing in a democracy.
• Understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms.
•    Analyse federal provisions and institutions.
•    Understand the new Panchayati Raj institutions in rural and urban areas.
•    Analyse the relationship between social cleavages and political competition with reference to Indian situation.
•    Understand and analyse the challenges posed by communalism to Indian democracy.
•    Understand the enabling and disabling effects of caste and ethnicity in politics.
•    Develop a gender perspective on politics.
•    Understand the vital role of struggle in the expansion of democracy.
•    Analyse party systems in democracies.
•    Introduction to major political parties in the country.
•    Analyse the role of social movements and non- party political formations.
•    Introduction to the difficult question of evaluating the functioning of democracies.
•    Develop the skills of evaluating Indian democracy on some key dimensions : development, security and dignity for the people.
8. Challenges to Democracy:

Is the idea of democracy shrinking? What are the major challenges to democracy in India? How can democracy be reformed and deepened? What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy?(Chapter 8)

• Understand the causes for continuation of democracy in India.
• Distinguish between sources of strength and weaknesses of Indian democracy.
• Reflect on the different kinds of measures possible to deepen democracy.
• Promote an active and participatory citizenship.

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development

Suggested number of periods to cover this unit 50 Periods

1. Development: The traditional notion of development; National Income and Percapita Income. Growth of National Income – critical appraisal of existing development indicators (PCI, IMR, SR and other income and health indicators) The need for health and educational development; Human Development Indicators (in simple and brief as a holistic measure of development.

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy: *Sectors of Economic Activities; Historical change in sectors; Rising importance of tertiary sector; Employment Generation; Division of Sectors- Organised and Unorganised; Protective measures for unorganised sector workers. (Chapter 2)3. Money and Credit: Role of money in an economy: Formal and Informal financial institutions for Savings and Credit – General Introduction; Select one formal institution such as a nationalized commercial bank and a few informal institutions; Local money lenders, landlords, chit funds and private finance companies. (Chapter 3) (Note : Ch-3 will also be evaluated in theory)

•    Familiarisation of some macroeconomic concepts.

•    Sensitizing the child about the rationale for overall human development in our country, which include the rise of income, improvements in health and education rather than income.•    It is necessary to raise question in minds of the children whether the increase in income alone is sufficient for a nation.•    How and why people should be healthy and provided with education.•    To make aware of a major employment generating sector.•    Sensitise the learner of how and why governments invest in such an important sector.•    Familiarize the concept of money as an economic concept.•    Create awareness of the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to- day life.

4. Globalisation and the Indian Economy: Production accross countries, Foreign trade and Interaction of Markets, what is Globalization? Factors, WTO, Impact, Fair Globalization (Chapter 4)

5. Consumer Rights: ***How consumer is exploited (one or two simple case studies) factors causing exploitation of consumers; Rise of consumer awareness; how a consumer should be in a market; role of government in consumer protection. (Chapter 5)

•    Provide children with some idea about how a particular economic phenomenon is influencing their surroundings and day-to-day life.

 •    Making the child aware of her rights and duties as a consumer;•    Familiarizing the legal measures available to protect from being exploited in markets.

Suggested Activities / Instructions:

Theme 2*: Visit to banks and money lenders / pawnbrokers and discuss various activities that you have observed in banks in the classroom.

Participate in the meetings of Self Help Groups, which are engaged in micro credit schemes in the locality of learners and observe issues discussed.

Theme 4**: Provide many examples of service sector activities. Use numerical examples, charts and photographs.

Theme 5***: Collect logos of standards available for various goods and services. Visit a consumer court nearby and discuss in the class the proceedings; Collect stories of consumer exploitation and grievances from newspapers and consumer courts.

Class X Social Science Project Work

The project work is of 5 marks and to be covered in 5 periods.

Every student has to compulsorily undertake any one project on the following units / topics.

  1. Disaster Management (Pertaining to class Xth curriculum of Disaster Management only).
  2. Popular Struggles and Movements
  3. Money and Credit

The project have been carefully designed so as to:

  1. Create awareness in learners
  2. Enable them to understand and co-relate all aspects of selected topic
  3. Relate theory with practice
  4. Relation of different aspects with life
  5. Provide hands on experience

The distribution of marks over different aspects relating to Project Work is as follows:

1.Content accuracy and originality1
2.Presentation and creativity1
3.Process of Project Completion : Initiative, cooperativeness, participation and punctuality1
4.Viva or written test for content assimilation2

The projects carried out by the students in different topics should subsequently be shared among themselves through interactive sessions such as exhibitions, panel discussions, etc. All documents pertaining to assessment under this activity should be meticulously maintained by concerned schools.

A Summary Report should be prepared highlighting:

  • objectives realized through individual or group interactions;
  • calendar of activities;
  • innovative ideas generated in this process ;
  • list of questions asked in viva voce

It is to be noted here by all the teachers and students that the projects and models prepared should be made from eco-friendly products without incurring too much expenditure. The Project Report should be handwritten by the students themselves and comprise of not more than 15 foolscap pages. Records pertaining to projects (internal assessment) of the students will be maintained for a period of three months from the date of declaration of result for verification at the discretion of Board.

Subjudiced cases, if any or those involving RTI / Grievances may however be retained beyond three months.

Social Science Prescribed Books

  1. India and the Contemporary World-II (History) – Published by NCERT
  2. Contemporary India II (Geography) – Published by NCERT
  3. Democratic Politics II (Political Science) – Published by NCERT
  4. Understanding Economic Development – Published by NCERT
  5. Together Towards a Safer India – Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management –  Published by CBSE

Class X  Social Science Question Paper Format and Design

S.No.Typology of QuestionsVery Short Answer (VSA)
1 Mark
Short Answer (SA)
3 Marks
Long Answer (LA)
5 Marks
Total Marks% Weightage
1Remembering (Knowledge based simple recall questions, to now specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, Identify, define or recite, information)221620%
2Understanding (Comprehension – to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)3121620%
3Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)2322126%
4High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis – Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)2311620%
5Creating, Evaluation and Multi-Creating Evaluation and Multi-Disciplinary (Generating new ideas, product or ways of viewing things Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)2608%
 Total1×9 = 93×12 = 365×7 = 3580100%

Class X  Social Science 2020-2021 : List Of Map Items For Social Science

History – Outline Political Map of India

Lesson-3 Nationalism in India – (1918 – 1930). For locating and labelling / Identification.

  1. Indian National Congress Sessions:
    1. Calcutta (Sep. 1920)
    2. Nagpur (Dec. 1920)
    3. Madras (1927)
    4. Lahore (1929)
  2. Important Centres of Indian National Movement : (Non-cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement)
    1. Champaran (Bihar) – Movement of Indigo Planters
    2. Kheda (Gujrat) – Peasant Satyagrah
    3. Ahmedabad (Gujarat) – Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha
    4. Amritsar (Punjab) – Jallianwala Bagh Incident
    5. Chauri Chaura (U.P.) – calling off the Non Cooperation Movement
    6. Dandi (Gujarat) – Civil Disobedience Movement

GEOGRAPHY – Outline Political Map of India

  1. Chapter 1:  Resources and Development Identification only: Major soil Types.
  2. Chapter 3: Water Resources Locating and Labelling – Dams
    1.  Salal
    2. Bhakra Nangal
    3. Tehri
    4. Rana Pratap Sagar
    5. Sardar Sarovar
    6. Hirakud
    7. Nagarjuna Sagar
    8. (Along with rivers)
  3. Chapter 4: Agriculture  Identification only
    1. Major areas of Rice and Wheat.
    2. Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane; Tea; Coffee; Rubber; Cotton and Jute.
  4. Chapter: 5 Mineral and Energy Resources.
    1. Minerals: (Identification only)
      1. Iron ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Durg, Bailadila, Bellary, Kudremukh
      2. Mica mines:Ajmer, Beawar, Nellore, Gaya, Hazaribagh
      3. Coal mines :Raniganj, Jharia, Bokaro, Talcher, Korba, Singrauli, Singareni, Neyvali
      4. Oil Fields :Digboi, Naharkatia, Mumbai High, Bassien, Kalol, Ankaleshwar
      5. Bauxite Deposits:The Amarkantak plateau, Maikal hills, The plateau region of Bilaspur- Katni, Orissa Panchpatmali deposits in Koraput district
      6. Mica deposits:The Chota Nagpur plateau, Koderma Gaya – Hazaribagh belt of Jharkhand, Ajmer, Nellore mica belt
    2. Power Plants: (Locating and Labelling only)
      1. Thermal :Namrup, Talcher, Singrauli, Harduaganj, Korba, Uran, Ramagundam, Vijaywada, Tuticorin
      2. Nuclear:Narora, Rawat Bhata, Kakrapara, Tarapur, Kaiga, Kalpakkam
  5. Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries Locating and Labelling Only
    1. Cotton Textile Industries:Mumbai, Indore, Ahmedabad, Surat, Kanpur, Coimbatore, Madurai
    2. Iron and Steel Plants:Burnpur, Durgapur, Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Raurkela, Bhilai, Vijaynagar, Bhadravati, Vishakhapatnam, Salem
    3. Software Technology Parks:Mohali, Noida, Jaipur, Gandhinagar, Indore, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Bhubaneshwar, Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mysore, Chennai, Thiruvanantapuram
  6. Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy. Identification Only:
    1. Golden Quadrilateral, North-South Corridor, East-West Corridor.
    2. National Highways:NH-1, NH-2, NH-7
    3. Locating and Labelling: Major Ports: Kandla, Mumbai, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Marmagao, New Mangalore, Kochi, Tuticorin, Chennai, Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, Haldia, Kolkata
    4. International Airports: Amritsar (Raja Sansi), Delhi (Indira Gandhi International), Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji), Thiruvanantapuram (Nedimbacherry), Chennai (Meenam Bakkam), Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose), Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)

Note: Items of Locating and Labelling may also be given for Identification.


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