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CBSE Class 2 Math Syllabus : A Comprehensive Guide

By SchoolMyKids Counsellor|5 - 6 mins read| August 01, 2023

Maths is an important subject that lays the foundation for a student’s future. For many students, maths can be a daunting subject, but with the right approach, it can also be an exciting and engaging one. Class 2 Math is a crucial stage in a student’s education and lays the foundation for their understanding of the subject. This comprehensive guide aims to unlock the secrets of Class 2 Math and help students understand the key concepts, questions and solutions that are covered in this class.

Key Concepts in Class 2 Maths

The Class 2 Maths curriculum is designed to introduce students to the basics of mathematical concepts and problem-solving skills and upgrade their learning from class 1. The following are some of the key concepts that students will learn in Class 2 Math:

Geometry: Students will learn about basic geometric shapes and their properties.

Numbers and Operations: Students will learn about numbers, counting, addition and subtraction, division and place value.

Mental Maths: Students will learn about how to add and subtract mentally, identify currency notes and transact an amount using 3-4 notes.

Measurement: Students will learn about length, weight and volume of various physical and imaginary objects. 

Data Handling: Students will learn about data collection, analysis, and, as well as interpretations.

Topics Included In Class 2 maths

  • Geometry
  • Numbers
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Mental Arithmetic
  • Money
  • Measurement
  • Data Handling
  • Patterns

Class 2 Maths Detailed Syllabus


Shapes & Spatial Understanding

3-D and 2-D Shapes

  • Observes objects in the environment and gets a qualitative feel for their geometrical attributes.
  • Identifies the basic 3-D shapes such as cuboid, cylinder, cone, sphere by their names.
  • Traces the 2-D outlines of 3-D objects.
  • Observes and identifies these 2-D shapes.
  • Identifies 2-D shapes viz., rectangle, square, triangle, circle by their names.
  • Describes intuitively the properties of these 2-D shapes.
  • Identifies and makes straight lines by folding, straight edged objects, stretched strings and draws free hand and with a ruler.
  • Draws horizontal, vertical and slant lines (free hand).
  • Distinguishes between straight and curved lines.
  • Identifies objects by observing their shadows.


  • Reads and writes numerals for numbers up to ninety nine.
  • Expands a number with respect to place values.
  • Counts and regroups objects into tens and ones.
  • Uses the concept of place value in the comparison of numbers
  • Counts in various ways:
    • Starting from any number.
    • Group counting etc.
  • Arranges numbers up to hundred in ascending and descending order.
  • Forms the greatest and the smallest two digit numbers with and without repetition of given digits.
  • Indicates and identifies the position of an object in a Line.

Addition And Subtraction

  • Adds and subtracts two digit numbers by drawing representations of tens and ones without and with regrouping.
  • Adds zero to a number and subtracts zero from a number.
  • Observes the commutative property of addition through patterns.
  • Solves addition, subtraction problems presented through pictures and verbal description.
  • Describes orally the situations that correspond to the given addition and subtraction facts.
  • Estimates the result of addition and subtraction and compares the result with another given number.

Preparation For Multiplication And Division

  • Discussion of situations involving repeated addition and situations involving equal sharing.
  • Activities of making equal groups.


  • Adds and subtracts single digit numbers mentally.
  • Adds and subtracts multiples of ten mentally.

Money (3 hrs.)

  • Identifies currency – notes and coins.
  • Puts together amounts of money not exceeding Rs 50/-.
  • Adds and subtracts small amounts of money mentally.
  • Transacts an amount using 3-4 notes.



  • Measures lengths & distances along short & long paths using uniform (non-standard) units, extends to longer lengths.


  • Compare two or more objects by their weight.
  • Appreciates the need for a simple balance.
  • Compares weights of given objects using simple Balance.

Capacity (Volume)

  • Compares and orders containers in terms of internal volume(capacity).
  • Orders given containers as per their capacities on the basis of perception & verifies by pouring out etc.


  • Gets familiar with the days of the week and months of the year.
  • Gets a feel for the sequence of seasons (varying locally).
  • Sequences the events occurring over longer periods in terms of dates/days.


  • Collects data through measurement.
  • Represents the data followed by discussion (e.g. heights of children).
  • Collects and presents the data on birthdays.
  • Draws inferences from the data at the appropriate level.

Patterns (10 hrs.)

  • Observes and extends patterns in sequence of shapes and numbers.
  • Searches for patterns in different ways of splitting a number.
  • Creates block patterns by stamping thumbprints, leaf prints, vegetable prints, etc.
  • Creates patterns of regular shapes by stamping.

Class 2 Math is a crucial subject when it comes to determining a student’s future. By understanding the key concepts, common questions and solutions, students can develop a strong foundation in Class 2 Math and set themselves up for success in the future. Remember, the key to success in Class 2 Maths is practice, seeking extra help when needed, focusing on understanding, and developing good study habits. Get ahead in your studies today and find the potential of Class 2 Maths!

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the key concepts in CBSE Class 2 Maths?

The key concepts in Class 2 Math include numbers and operations, measurement and geometry, patterns and algebra, and data handling and probability.

How can I improve my problem-solving skills in Class 2 Maths?

Practice, seeking extra help, focusing on understanding the concepts, and developing good study habits are all effective ways to improve problem-solving skills in Class 2 Maths.

What kind of questions will I face in Class 2 Maths exams?

The questions in Class 2 Maths exams may include basic arithmetic operations, geometry problems, pattern recognition, and data handling and probability questions.

How can I get extra help with CBSE Class 2 Math if I am struggling?

Seeking help from a tutor, getting extra support from a teacher, or working with study groups are all effective ways to get extra help with Class 2 Maths.

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Last Updated: Tue Aug 01 2023

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