Element 16 of Periodic table is
Sulfur with atomic number 16,
atomic weight 32.065.
Sulfur, symbol S, has a
Face Centered Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color.
Sulfur is a other nonmetal element.
Trivial name of Sulfur is chalcogens*.
Know everything about Sulfur Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Sulfur or sulphur (see spelling differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. It is an abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8.
Read key information and facts about element Sulfur
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
16 to find Sulfur on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Sulfur on periodic
table look for cross section of group 16 and period
3 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year
500 BC in unknown place
derived its name from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'
The table below shows the abundance of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Sulfur is Face Centered Orthorhombic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 6] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.
Shell Structure of Sulfur - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Sulfur atom is
[Ne] 3s2 3p4.
The portion of Sulfur configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ne]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3s2 3p4, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Sulfur atomic radius is 88 pm, while it's covalent radius is 102 pm.
The electron affinity of Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Sulfur
Refer to below table for Sulfur Physical Properties
Sulfur is Insulator of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Sulfur
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Sulfur
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Sulfur has
4 stable isotope -
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases