Element 82 of Periodic table is
Lead with atomic number 82,
atomic weight 207.2.
Lead, symbol Pb, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and SlateGray color.
Lead is a post-transition metal element.
Trivial name of Lead is tetrels, crystallogens.
Know everything about Lead Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Lead (/lɛd/) is a chemical element in the carbon group with symbol Pb (from Latin:plumbum) and atomic number 82. Lead is a soft, malleable and heavy post-transition metal. Metallic lead has a bluish-white color after being freshly cut, but it soon tarnishes to a dull grayish color when exposed to air.
Read key information and facts about element Lead
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
82 to find Lead on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Lead on periodic
table look for cross section of group 14 and period
6 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Lead was discovered by Middle East in year
4000 BC in unknown place
derived its name from English word (plumbum in Latin)
The table below shows the abundance of Lead in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Lead is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Lead atoms have 82 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
Shell Structure of Lead - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Lead atom is
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2.
The portion of Lead configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Xe]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Lead atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Lead atomic radius is 154 pm, while it's covalent radius is 147 pm.
The electron affinity of Lead is 35.1 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Lead
Refer to below table for Lead Physical Properties
Lead is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Lead
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Lead
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Lead has
4 stable isotope -
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases