Element 15 of Periodic table is
Phosphorus with atomic number 15,
atomic weight 30.973761.
Phosphorus, symbol P, has a
Simple Triclinic structure and Colorless color.
Phosphorus is a other nonmetal element.
Trivial name of Phosphorus is pentels, pnictogens*.
Know everything about Phosphorus Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15. As an element, phosphorus exists in two major forms—white phosphorus and red phosphorus—but due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth. Instead phosphorus-containing minerals are almost always present in their maximally oxidised state, as inorganic phosphate rocks.
Read key information and facts about element Phosphorus
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
15 to find Phosphorus on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Phosphorus on periodic
table look for cross section of group 15 and period
3 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year
1669 in Germany
derived its name from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The table below shows the abundance of Phosphorus in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Phosphorus is Simple Triclinic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Phosphorus atoms have 15 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 5] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.
Shell Structure of Phosphorus - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Phosphorus atom is
[Ne] 3s2 3p3.
The portion of Phosphorus configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ne]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3s2 3p3, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Phosphorus atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Phosphorus atomic radius is 98 pm, while it's covalent radius is 106 pm.
The electron affinity of Phosphorus is 72 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Phosphorus
Refer to below table for Phosphorus Physical Properties
Phosphorus is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Phosphorus
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Phosphorus
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Phosphorus has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases