Origin Of Name of all the elements in the Periodic Table

Origin of Name of all the elements in the Periodic Table

Refer to graph, table and property element trend below for Origin of Name of all the elements in the periodic table. We have shown the Origin of Name of the elements for which reliable data is available.

Origin of Name Graph - Origin of Name of all the elements in graph

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Origin of Name Chart - Origin of Name of all the elements in table chart

This Origin of Name chart table gives the Origin of Name of all the elements of periodic table . Click on 'Element Atomic Number', 'Element Symbol', 'Element Name' and 'Element Origin of Name' headers to sort.

Element Element
Origin of Name
1 H - Hydrogen from the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming'
2 He - Helium from the Greek word helios, meaning 'sun'
3 Li - Lithium the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
4 Be - Beryllium from beryl, a mineral
5 B - Boron from borax, a mineral
6 C - Carbon the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'
7 N - Nitrogen from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'
8 O - Oxygen from the Greek word oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming'
9 F - Fluorine from the Latin fluere, meaning 'to flow'
10 Ne - Neon from the Greek neos, meaning 'new'
11 Na - Sodium from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)
12 Mg - Magnesium from Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece
13 Al - Aluminium from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)
14 Si - Silicon from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
15 P - Phosphorus from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
16 S - Sulfur from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'
17 Cl - Chlorine from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'
18 Ar - Argon from the Greek word argos, meaning 'idle'
19 K - Potassium from New Latin potassa, 'potash' (kalium in Latin)
20 Ca - Calcium from the Latin calx, meaning 'lime'
21 Sc - Scandium from Scandia, the Latin name for Scandinavia
22 Ti - Titanium from Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology
23 V - Vanadium from Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja
24 Cr - Chromium from the Greek word chroma, meaning 'color'
25 Mn - Manganese corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium
26 Fe - Iron from English word (ferrum in Latin)
27 Co - Cobalt from the German word Kobold, meaning 'goblin'
28 Ni - Nickel from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
29 Cu - Copper from English word (Latin cuprum)
30 Zn - Zinc from the German word Zink
31 Ga - Gallium from Gallia, the Latin name for France
32 Ge - Germanium from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
33 As - Arsenic English word (Latin arsenicum)
34 Se - Selenium from the Greek selene, meaning 'moon'
35 Br - Bromine from the Greek bromos, meaning 'stench'
36 Kr - Krypton from the Greek kryptos, meaning 'hidden'
37 Rb - Rubidium from the Latin rubidus, meaning 'deep red'
38 Sr - Strontium from Strontian, a small town in Scotland
39 Y - Yttrium from Ytterby, Sweden
40 Zr - Zirconium from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'
41 Nb - Niobium from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
42 Mo - Molybdenum from the Greek word molybdos meaning 'lead'
43 Tc - Technetium from the Greek tekhnètos meaning 'artificial'
44 Ru - Ruthenium from Ruthenia, the New Latin name for Russia
45 Rh - Rhodium from the Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured'
46 Pd - Palladium from the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time
47 Ag - Silver from English word (argentum in Latin)
48 Cd - Cadmium from the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos
49 In - Indium from indigo
50 Sn - Tin from English word (stannum in Latin)
51 Sb - Antimony from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone' (stibium in Latin)
52 Te - Tellurium from Latin tellus, meaning 'earth'
53 I - Iodine from French iode (after the Greek ioeides, 'violet')
54 Xe - Xenon from the Greek xenos, meaning 'strange'
55 Cs - Cesium from the Latin caesius, meaning 'sky blue'
56 Ba - Barium from the Greek barys, meaning 'heavy'
57 La - Lanthanum from the Greek lanthanein, meaning 'to lie hidden'
58 Ce - Cerium from the then recently discovered asteroid Ceres, considered a planet at the time
59 Pr - Praseodymium from the Greek praseios didymos meaning 'green twin'
60 Nd - Neodymium from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'
61 Pm - Promethium from Prometheus of Greek mythology who stole fire from the Gods and gave it to humans
62 Sm - Samarium from Samarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated
63 Eu - Europium from Europe
64 Gd - Gadolinium from Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist
65 Tb - Terbium from Ytterby, Sweden
66 Dy - Dysprosium from the Greek dysprositos, meaning 'hard to get'
67 Ho - Holmium from Holmia, the New Latin name for Stockholm
68 Er - Erbium from Ytterby, Sweden
69 Tm - Thulium from Thule, the ancient name for Scandinavia
70 Yb - Ytterbium from Ytterby, Sweden
71 Lu - Lutetium from Lutetia, the Latin name for Paris
72 Hf - Hafnium from Hafnia, the New Latin name for Copenhagen
73 Ta - Tantalum from King Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology
74 W - Tungsten from the Swedish tung sten, 'heavy stone' (W is wolfram, the old name of the tungsten mineral wolframite)
75 Re - Rhenium from Rhenus, the Latin name for the river Rhine
76 Os - Osmium from the Greek osmè, meaning 'smell'
77 Ir - Iridium from Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow
78 Pt - Platinum from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'
79 Au - Gold from English word (aurum in Latin)
80 Hg - Mercury from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')
81 Tl - Thallium from the Greek thallos, 'green twig'
82 Pb - Lead from English word (plumbum in Latin)
83 Bi - Bismuth from German word, now obsolete
84 Po - Polonium from Named after the home country of Marie Curie(Poland), who is also the discoverer of Radium
85 At - Astatine from the Greek astatos, 'unstable'
86 Rn - Radon From radium, as it was first detected as an emission from radium during radioactive decay
87 Fr - Francium from Francia, the New Latin name for France
88 Ra - Radium from the Latin radius, 'ray'
89 Ac - Actinium from the Greek aktis, 'ray'
90 Th - Thorium from Thor, the Scandinavian god of thunder
91 Pa - Protactinium from the Greek protos, 'first', and actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium
92 U - Uranium from Uranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System
93 Np - Neptunium from Neptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System
94 Pu - Plutonium from Pluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System (then considered the ninth planet)
95 Am - Americium from The Americas, as the element was first synthesized on the continent, by analogy with europium
96 Cm - Curium from Pierre Curie, a physicist, and Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist, named after great scientists by analogy with gadolinium
97 Bk - Berkelium from Berkeley, California, where the element was first synthesized, by analogy with terbium
98 Cf - Californium from California, where the element was first synthesized
99 Es - Einsteinium from Albert Einstein, physicist
100 Fm - Fermium from Enrico Fermi, physicist
101 Md - Mendelevium from Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist and inventor
102 No - Nobelium from Alfred Nobel, chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer
103 Lr - Lawrencium from Ernest O. Lawrence, physicist
104 Rf - Rutherfordium from Ernest Rutherford, chemist and physicist
105 Db - Dubnium from Dubna, Russia
106 Sg - Seaborgium from Glenn T. Seaborg, scientist
107 Bh - Bohrium from Niels Bohr, physicist
108 Hs - Hassium from Hesse, Germany, where the element was first synthesized
109 Mt - Meitnerium from Lise Meitner, physicist
110 Ds - Darmstadtium from Darmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesized
111 Rg - Roentgenium from Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, physicist
112 Cn - Copernicium from Nicolaus Copernicus, astronomer
113 Nh - Nihonium from the Japanese name for Japan, Nihon, where the element was first synthesized
114 Fl - Flerovium from Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, part of JINR where the element was synthesized; itself named for Georgy Flyorov, physicist
115 Mc - Moscovium from Moscow Oblast, Russia, where the element was first synthesized
116 Lv - Livermorium from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (in Livermore, California) which collaborated with JINR on its synthesis
117 Ts - Tennessine from Tennessee, United States
118 Og - Oganesson from Yuri Oganessian, physicist

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