Element 28 of Periodic table is
Nickel with atomic number 28,
atomic weight 58.6934.
Nickel, symbol Ni, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and Gray color.
Nickel is a transition metal element.
Know everything about Nickel Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28. It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile.
Read key information and facts about element Nickel
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
28 to find Nickel on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Nickel on periodic
table look for cross section of group 10 and period
4 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year
1751 in Sweden
derived its name from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The table below shows the abundance of Nickel in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Nickel is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Nickel atoms have 28 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 16, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F4.
Shell Structure of Nickel - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Nickel atom is
[Ar] 3d8 4s2.
The portion of Nickel configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ar]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3d8 4s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Nickel atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Nickel atomic radius is 149 pm, while it's covalent radius is 121 pm.
The electron affinity of Nickel is 112 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Nickel
Refer to below table for Nickel Physical Properties
Nickel is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Nickel
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Nickel
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Nickel has
5 stable isotope -
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases