Element 60 of Periodic table is
Neodymium with atomic number 60,
atomic weight 144.24.
Neodymium, symbol Nd, has a
Simple Hexagonal structure and Silver color.
Neodymium is a lanthanide element.
Know everything about Neodymium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Neodymium is a chemical element with symbol Nd and atomic number 60. It is a soft silvery metal that tarnishes in air. Neodymium was discovered in 1885 by the Austrian chemist Carl Auer von Welsbach.
Read key information and facts about element Neodymium
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
60 to find Neodymium on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Neodymium on periodic
table look for cross section of group N/A and period
6 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year
1885 in Austria
derived its name from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'
The table below shows the abundance of Neodymium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Neodymium is Simple Hexagonal.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Neodymium atoms have 60 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 5I4.
Shell Structure of Neodymium - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Neodymium atom is
[Xe] 4f4 6s2.
The portion of Neodymium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Xe]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 4f4 6s2, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Neodymium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f4 6s2
Neodymium atomic radius is 206 pm, while it's covalent radius is N/A.
The electron affinity of Neodymium is 50 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Neodymium
Refer to below table for Neodymium Physical Properties
Neodymium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Neodymium
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Neodymium
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Neodymium has
5 stable isotope -
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases