Element 9 of Periodic table is
Fluorine with atomic number 9,
atomic weight 18.9984032.
Fluorine, symbol F, has a
Base Centered Monoclinic structure and Colorless color.
Fluorine is a halogens element.
Trivial name of Fluorine is halogens*.
Know everything about Fluorine Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9. It is the lightest halogen and exists as a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive:almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine.
Read key information and facts about element Fluorine
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
9 to find Fluorine on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Fluorine on periodic
table look for cross section of group 17 and period
2 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Fluorine was discovered by André-Marie Ampère in year
1886 in France
derived its name from the Latin fluere, meaning 'to flow'
The table below shows the abundance of Fluorine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Fluorine is Base Centered Monoclinic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Fluorine atoms have 9 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 7] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.
Shell Structure of Fluorine - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Fluorine atom is
[He] 2s2 2p5.
The portion of Fluorine configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [He]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 2s2 2p5, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Fluorine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p5
Fluorine atomic radius is 42 pm, while it's covalent radius is 71 pm.
The electron affinity of Fluorine is 328 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Fluorine
Refer to below table for Fluorine Physical Properties
Fluorine is N/A of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Fluorine
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Fluorine
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Fluorine has
1 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases