Element 29 of Periodic table is
Copper with atomic number 29,
atomic weight 63.546.
Copper, symbol Cu, has a
Face Centered Cubic structure and Copper color.
Copper is a transition metal element.
Trivial name of Copper is coinage metals.
Know everything about Copper Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical
Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin:cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color.
Read key information and facts about element Copper
Explore our interactive periodic table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of
The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( Atomic number 1) and
ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number
29 to find Copper on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is by using group number (column)
and period number (row). To locate Copper on periodic
table look for cross section of group 11 and period
4 in the modern periodic table.
Interactive Periodic Table to Understand
and Learn Cool Trends
The element Copper was discovered by Middle East in year
8000 BC in unknown place
derived its name from English word (Latin cuprum)
The table below shows the abundance of Copper in Universe, Sun, Meteorites,
Earth's Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
The solid state structure of Copper is Face Centered Cubic.
The Crystal structure can be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit Cells repeats itself in
dimensional space to form the structure.
The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell
Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice Angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (
xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the concept of space groups. All possible
symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups
(219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
Copper atoms have 29 electrons and
the electronic shell structure is [2, 8, 18, 1] with Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2S1/2.
Shell Structure of Copper - Electrons per energy
The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Copper atom is
[Ar] 3d10 4s1.
The portion of Copper configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of
the preceding period, is abbreviated as [Ar]. For atoms with many electrons, this
notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is
the Valence electrons 3d10 4s1, electrons in
the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element.
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Copper atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1
Copper atomic radius is 145 pm, while it's covalent radius is 138 pm.
The electron affinity of Copper is 118.4 kJ/mol
Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Copper
Refer to below table for Copper Physical Properties
Copper is Conductor of electricity. Refer to
below for the Electrical properties of Copper
Refer to table below for Thermal properties of Copper
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Copper has
2 stable isotope -
List of unique identifiers to search the element in various chemical registry databases