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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zirconium vs Platinum

Compare Zirconium and Platinum

Compare Zirconium and Platinum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zirconium vs Platinum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zr vs Pt on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium
Platinum
78
Pt
195.078
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
CAS7440-06-4
Neighborhood Elements of Platinum

History

History
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'
The element Platinum was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in year 1735 in Peru. Platinum derived its name derived its name from from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
9.8e-07
3.7×10-6%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure
177 pm
9.249786628734 cm3
128 pm
175 pm
10
platinum Spectrum
392.42, 392.42, 392.42 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

platinum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells
78
78
78
195.078
117.078
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
5d9 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3D3
platinum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
192Pt, 194Pt, 195Pt, 196Pt, 198Pt.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol
6
2.28
205.3 kJ/mol
870, 1791 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s
21.09 g/cm3
9.249786628734

 

168 GPa
61 GPa
230 GPa
0.38


 

3.5 MPa
549 MPa
392 MPa

 

9.4×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
8.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.22×10-8
2.38×10-9
0.0002573

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20 kJ/mol
490 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-06-4
RTECSTP2160000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories