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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zirconium vs Holmium

Compare Zirconium and Holmium

Compare Zirconium and Holmium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zirconium vs Holmium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zr vs Ho on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium
Holmium
67
Ho
164.93032
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f11 6s2
1474 °C
2700 °C
2, 8, 18, 29, 8, 2
CAS7440-60-0
Neighborhood Elements of Holmium

History

History
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'
The element Holmium was discovered by Marc Delafontaine in year 1878 in Switzerland. Holmium derived its name derived its name from from Holmia, the New Latin name for Stockholm

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%
5×10-8%
None
5.9×10-6%
1.2e-06
2.2×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure
226 pm
18.752736782263 cm3
N/A
N/A
65
holmium Spectrum
357.73, 357.73, 561.58 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

holmium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells
67
67
67
164.93032
97.93032
2, 8, 18, 29, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f11 6s2
4f11 6s2
 2;3
4I15/2
holmium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
165Ho.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol
3
1.23
50 kJ/mol
581, 1140, 2204, 4.1×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s
8.795 g/cm3
18.752736782263

 

65 GPa
26 GPa
40 GPa
0.23


 

N/A
481 MPa
746 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

16 W/(m K)
0.0000112 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
20 K
5.49×10-6
9.05467×10-7
0.0482845

 

N/A

 

2760 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A
1474 °C
2700 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17 kJ/mol
265 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-60-0
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A