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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zinc vs Scandium

Compare Zinc and Scandium

Compare Zinc and Scandium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zinc vs Scandium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zn vs Sc on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zinc
30
Zn
65.409
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
12
zinc family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
419.53 °C
907 °C
2, 8, 18, 2
CAS7440-66-6
Neighborhood Elements of Zinc
Scandium
21
Sc
44.95591
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d1 4s2
1541 °C
2830 °C
2, 8, 9, 2
CAS7440-20-2
Neighborhood Elements of Scandium

History

History
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year 1500 in Germany. Zinc derived its name from from the German word Zink
The element Scandium was discovered by Lars Fredrik Nilson in year 1879 in Sweden. Scandium derived its name derived its name from from Scandia, the Latin name for Scandinavia

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3e-07
2e-06
0.00018
7.8e-05
5×10-7%
3.3e-05
3×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.4e-06
2.6e-05
1.5×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

142 pm
9.1609243697479 cm3
131 pm
139 pm
1.1
zinc Spectrum
266.49, 266.49, 494.68 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zinc Crystal Structure
184 pm
15.060606365159 cm3
144 pm
N/A
27.2
scandium Spectrum
330.9, 330.9, 527.33 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

scandium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
30
30
30
65.409
35.409
2, 8, 18, 2
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
3d10 4s2
-2  1;2
1S0
zinc Shells
21
21
21
44.95591
23.95591
2, 8, 9, 2
[Ar] 3d1 4s2
3d1 4s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
scandium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
45Sc.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.65
0 kJ/mol
906.4, 1733.3, 3833, 5731, 7970, 1.04×104, 1.29×104, 1.68×104, 1.96×104, 2.3×104, 2.64×104, 29990, 40490, 4.38×104, 4.73×104, 5.23×104, 5.59×104, 5.97×104, 6.73×104, 7.12×104, 1.791×105 kJ/mol
3
1.36
18.1 kJ/mol
633.1, 1235, 2388.6, 7090.6, 8843, 10679, 13310, 15250, 17370, 21726, 24102, 66320, 73010, 80160, 89490, 9.74×104, 1.056×105, 1.17×105, 124270, 547530, 582163 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.14 g/cm3
9.1609243697479

 

108 GPa
43 GPa
70 GPa
0.25


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
412 MPa

 

1.7×107 S/m
5.9×10-8 m Ω
0.85

 

120 W/(m K)
0.0000302 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.21×10-9
-1.45×10-10
-1.58e-05

 

1.00205

 

3.7×103 m/s
2.985 g/cm3
15.060606365159

 

74 GPa
29 GPa
57 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
N/A
750 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.5×10-7 m Ω
0.05

 

16 W/(m K)
0.0000102 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-8
3.956×10-9
0.0002627

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

419.53 °C
907 °C
N/A
0.85

 

7.35 kJ/mol
119 kJ/mol
N/A
1541 °C
2830 °C
N/A
0.05

 

16 kJ/mol
318 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-66-6
RTECSZG8600000
4.3
1436
N/A
0
Water Reactive
2
0

 

460 °C
N/A
CAS7440-20-2
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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