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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zinc vs Palladium

Compare Zinc and Palladium

Compare Zinc and Palladium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zinc vs Palladium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zn vs Pd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zinc
30
Zn
65.409
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
12
zinc family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
419.53 °C
907 °C
2, 8, 18, 2
CAS7440-66-6
Neighborhood Elements of Zinc
Palladium
46
Pd
106.42
Solid
Silver
transition metal
10
nickel family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
2, 8, 18, 18
CAS7440-05-3
Neighborhood Elements of Palladium

History

History
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year 1500 in Germany. Zinc derived its name from from the German word Zink
The element Palladium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Palladium derived its name derived its name from from the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3e-07
2e-06
0.00018
7.8e-05
5×10-7%
3.3e-05
2×10-7%
3×10-7%
6.6e-07
6.3×10-7%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

142 pm
9.1609243697479 cm3
131 pm
139 pm
1.1
zinc Spectrum
266.49, 266.49, 494.68 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zinc Crystal Structure
169 pm
8.8513682109291 cm3
131 pm
163 pm
6.9
palladium Spectrum
389.07, 389.07, 389.07 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

palladium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
30
30
30
65.409
35.409
2, 8, 18, 2
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
3d10 4s2
-2  1;2
1S0
zinc Shells
46
46
46
106.42
60.42
2, 8, 18, 18
[Kr] 4d10
4d10
 1;2;3;4;5;6
1S0
palladium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
102Pd, 104Pd, 105Pd, 106Pd, 108Pd, 110Pd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.65
0 kJ/mol
906.4, 1733.3, 3833, 5731, 7970, 1.04×104, 1.29×104, 1.68×104, 1.96×104, 2.3×104, 2.64×104, 29990, 40490, 4.38×104, 4.73×104, 5.23×104, 5.59×104, 5.97×104, 6.73×104, 7.12×104, 1.791×105 kJ/mol
4
2.2
53.7 kJ/mol
804.4, 1870, 3177 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.14 g/cm3
9.1609243697479

 

108 GPa
43 GPa
70 GPa
0.25


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
412 MPa

 

1.7×107 S/m
5.9×10-8 m Ω
0.85

 

120 W/(m K)
0.0000302 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.21×10-9
-1.45×10-10
-1.58e-05

 

1.00205

 

3.7×103 m/s
12.023 g/cm3
8.8513682109291

 

121 GPa
44 GPa
180 GPa
0.39


 

4.75 MPa
461 MPa
37.3 MPa

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
0.0000118 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.57×10-8
6.992×10-9
0.0007899

 

N/A

 

3070 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

419.53 °C
907 °C
N/A
0.85

 

7.35 kJ/mol
119 kJ/mol
N/A
1554.9 °C
2963 °C
N/A
N/A

 

16.7 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-66-6
RTECSZG8600000
4.3
1436
N/A
0
Water Reactive
2
0

 

460 °C
N/A
CAS7440-05-3
RTECSRT3480500
4.2
3200
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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