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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Zinc vs Niobium

Compare Zinc and Niobium

Compare Zinc and Niobium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Zinc vs Niobium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Zn vs Nb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Zinc
30
Zn
65.409
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
12
zinc family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
419.53 °C
907 °C
2, 8, 18, 2
CAS7440-66-6
Neighborhood Elements of Zinc
Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium

History

History
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year 1500 in Germany. Zinc derived its name from from the German word Zink
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3e-07
2e-06
0.00018
7.8e-05
5×10-7%
3.3e-05
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

142 pm
9.1609243697479 cm3
131 pm
139 pm
1.1
zinc Spectrum
266.49, 266.49, 494.68 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zinc Crystal Structure
198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
30
30
30
65.409
35.409
2, 8, 18, 2
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
3d10 4s2
-2  1;2
1S0
zinc Shells
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.65
0 kJ/mol
906.4, 1733.3, 3833, 5731, 7970, 1.04×104, 1.29×104, 1.68×104, 1.96×104, 2.3×104, 2.64×104, 29990, 40490, 4.38×104, 4.73×104, 5.23×104, 5.59×104, 5.97×104, 6.73×104, 7.12×104, 1.791×105 kJ/mol
5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.14 g/cm3
9.1609243697479

 

108 GPa
43 GPa
70 GPa
0.25


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
412 MPa

 

1.7×107 S/m
5.9×10-8 m Ω
0.85

 

120 W/(m K)
0.0000302 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.21×10-9
-1.45×10-10
-1.58e-05

 

1.00205

 

3.7×103 m/s
8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

419.53 °C
907 °C
N/A
0.85

 

7.35 kJ/mol
119 kJ/mol
N/A
2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-66-6
RTECSZG8600000
4.3
1436
N/A
0
Water Reactive
2
0

 

460 °C
N/A
CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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