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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Yttrium vs Thulium

Compare Yttrium and Thulium

Compare Yttrium and Thulium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Yttrium vs Thulium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Y vs Tm on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Yttrium
39
Y
88.90585
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1526 °C
3345 °C
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
CAS7440-65-5
Neighborhood Elements of Yttrium
Thulium
69
Tm
168.93421
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1545 °C
1950 °C
2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
CAS7440-30-4
Neighborhood Elements of Thulium

History

History
The element Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in year 1794 in Finland. Yttrium derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden
The element Thulium was discovered by Per Teodor Cleve in year 1879 in Sweden. Thulium derived its name derived its name from from Thule, the ancient name for Scandinavia

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7×10-7%
1×10-6%
1.9e-06
2.9e-05
1.3×10-9%
N/A
1×10-8%
2×10-8%
2.9×10-6%
4.5e-07
2×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

212 pm
19.880556797853 cm3
162 pm
N/A
1.28
yttrium Spectrum
364.74, 364.74, 573.06 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

yttrium Crystal Structure
222 pm
18.124043557558 cm3
N/A
N/A
105
thulium Spectrum
353.75, 353.75, 555.46 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

thulium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
39
39
39
88.90585
49.90585
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
4d1 5s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
yttrium Shells
69
69
69
168.93421
99.93421
2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f13 6s2
4f13 6s2
 2;3
2F7/2
thulium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
89Y.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
169Tm.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.22
29.6 kJ/mol
600, 1180, 1980, 5847, 7430, 8970, 11190, 12450, 14110, 1.84×104 kJ/mol
3
1.25
50 kJ/mol
596.7, 1160, 2285, 4120 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

4.472 g/cm3
19.880556797853

 

64 GPa
26 GPa
41 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
N/A
589 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.6×10-7 m Ω
1.3

 

17 W/(m K)
0.0000106 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.66×10-8
5.921×10-9
0.0002978

 

N/A

 

3.3×103 m/s
9.321 g/cm3
18.124043557558

 

74 GPa
31 GPa
45 GPa
0.21


 

N/A
520 MPa
471 MPa

 

1.4×106 S/m
7×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
0.0000133 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
25 K
1.99×10-6
3.36179×10-7
0.0185488

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1526 °C
3345 °C
N/A
1.3

 

11.4 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A
1545 °C
1950 °C
N/A
N/A

 

16.8 kJ/mol
250 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-65-5
RTECSZG2980000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-30-4
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A