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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Yttrium vs Radium

Compare Yttrium and Radium

Compare Yttrium and Radium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Yttrium vs Radium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Y vs Ra on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Yttrium
39
Y
88.90585
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1526 °C
3345 °C
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
CAS7440-65-5
Neighborhood Elements of Yttrium
Radium
88
Ra
226
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
7
s
[Rn] 7s2
700 °C
1737 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-14-4
Neighborhood Elements of Radium

History

History
The element Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in year 1794 in Finland. Yttrium derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden
The element Radium was discovered by Pierre Curie in year 1898 in France. Radium derived its name derived its name from from the Latin radius, 'ray'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7×10-7%
1×10-6%
1.9e-06
2.9e-05
1.3×10-9%
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
9.9×10-12%
1×10-15%
1×10-13%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

212 pm
19.880556797853 cm3
162 pm
N/A
1.28
yttrium Spectrum
364.74, 364.74, 573.06 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

yttrium Crystal Structure
N/A
45.2 cm3
N/A
N/A
20
radium Spectrum
514.8, 514.8, 514.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

radium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
39
39
39
88.90585
49.90585
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
4d1 5s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
yttrium Shells
88
88
88
226
138
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8, 2
[Rn] 7s2
7s2
 2
1S0
radium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
89Y.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.22
29.6 kJ/mol
600, 1180, 1980, 5847, 7430, 8970, 11190, 12450, 14110, 1.84×104 kJ/mol
2
0.9
N/A
509.3, 979 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

4.472 g/cm3
19.880556797853

 

64 GPa
26 GPa
41 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
N/A
589 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.6×10-7 m Ω
1.3

 

17 W/(m K)
0.0000106 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.66×10-8
5.921×10-9
0.0002978

 

N/A

 

3.3×103 m/s
5 g/cm3
45.2

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
1×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

19 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1526 °C
3345 °C
N/A
1.3

 

11.4 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A
700 °C
1737 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
125 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-65-5
RTECSZG2980000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-14-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
EU231-122-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A