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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Yttrium vs Neodymium

Compare Yttrium and Neodymium

Compare Yttrium and Neodymium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Yttrium vs Neodymium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Y vs Nd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Yttrium
39
Y
88.90585
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1526 °C
3345 °C
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
CAS7440-65-5
Neighborhood Elements of Yttrium
Neodymium
60
Nd
144.24
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
CAS7440-00-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neodymium

History

History
The element Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in year 1794 in Finland. Yttrium derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Neodymium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7×10-7%
1×10-6%
1.9e-06
2.9e-05
1.3×10-9%
N/A
1×10-6%
3×10-7%
5e-07
3.3e-05
2.8×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

212 pm
19.880556797853 cm3
162 pm
N/A
1.28
yttrium Spectrum
364.74, 364.74, 573.06 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

yttrium Crystal Structure
206 pm
20.576319543509 cm3
N/A
N/A
49
neodymium Spectrum
365.8, 365.8, 1179.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

neodymium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
39
39
39
88.90585
49.90585
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
4d1 5s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
yttrium Shells
60
60
60
144.24
84.24
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
4f4 6s2
 2;3;4
5I4
neodymium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
89Y.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.22
29.6 kJ/mol
600, 1180, 1980, 5847, 7430, 8970, 11190, 12450, 14110, 1.84×104 kJ/mol
3
1.14
50 kJ/mol
533.1, 1040, 2130, 3.9×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

4.472 g/cm3
19.880556797853

 

64 GPa
26 GPa
41 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
N/A
589 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.6×10-7 m Ω
1.3

 

17 W/(m K)
0.0000106 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.66×10-8
5.921×10-9
0.0002978

 

N/A

 

3.3×103 m/s
7.01 g/cm3
20.576319543509

 

41 GPa
16 GPa
32 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
343 MPa
265 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
9.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.8×10-7
6.9235×10-8
0.0033648

 

N/A

 

2330 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1526 °C
3345 °C
N/A
1.3

 

11.4 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.1 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-65-5
RTECSZG2980000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-00-8
RTECSQO8575000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A