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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Ytterbium vs Erbium

Compare Ytterbium and Erbium

Compare Ytterbium and Erbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Ytterbium vs Erbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Yb vs Er on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Ytterbium
70
Yb
173.04
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
819 °C
1196 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
CAS7440-64-4
Neighborhood Elements of Ytterbium
Erbium
68
Er
167.259
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
1497 °C
2868 °C
2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
CAS7440-52-0
Neighborhood Elements of Erbium

History

History
The element Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1878 in Switzerland. Ytterbium derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden
The element Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1842 in Sweden. Erbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
2.8e-06
8×10-11%
N/A
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
3e-06
9×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

222 pm
26.337899543379 cm3
N/A
N/A
35
ytterbium Spectrum
548.47, 548.47, 548.47 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

ytterbium Crystal Structure
226 pm
18.449040370615 cm3
N/A
N/A
165
erbium Spectrum
355.88, 355.88, 558.74 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

erbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
70
70
70
173.04
103.04
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
4f14 6s2
 2;3
1S0
ytterbium Shells
68
68
68
167.259
99.259
2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
4f12 6s2
 2;3
3H6
erbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
168Yb, 170Yb, 171Yb, 172Yb, 173Yb, 174Yb, 176Yb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
162Er, 164Er, 166Er, 167Er, 168Er, 170Er.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
603.4, 1174.8, 2417, 4203 kJ/mol
3
1.24
50 kJ/mol
589.3, 1150, 2194, 4120 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.57 g/cm3
26.337899543379

 

24 GPa
9.9 GPa
31 GPa
0.21


 

N/A
206 MPa
343 MPa

 

3.6×106 S/m
2.8×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

39 W/(m K)
0.0000263 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.9×10-9
1.02×10-9
3.88e-05

 

N/A

 

1590 m/s
9.066 g/cm3
18.449040370615

 

70 GPa
28 GPa
44 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
589 MPa
814 MPa

 

1.2×106 S/m
8.6×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

15 W/(m K)
0.0000122 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
32 K
3.77×10-6
6.30566×10-7
0.0341788

 

N/A

 

2830 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

819 °C
1196 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.7 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A
1497 °C
2868 °C
N/A
N/A

 

19.9 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-64-4
RTECSZG1925000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-52-0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A