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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Tin vs Lithium

Compare Tin and Lithium

Compare Tin and Lithium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Tin vs Lithium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sn vs Li on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Tin
50
Sn
118.71
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
231.93 °C
2602 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
CAS7440-31-5
Neighborhood Elements of Tin
Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Lithium

History

History
The element Tin was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Tin derived its name from from English word (stannum in Latin)
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-7%
9×10-7%
1.2e-06
2.2e-06
1×10-9%
2e-07
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
16.239398084815 cm3
141 pm
217 pm
0.63
tin Spectrum
583.18, 583.18, 318.19 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I41/amd
141

Centered Tetragonal

tin Crystal Structure
167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
50
50
50
118.71
68.71
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
5s2 5p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
tin Shells
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.96
107.3 kJ/mol
708.6, 1411.8, 2943, 3930.3, 7456 kJ/mol
1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.31 g/cm3
16.239398084815

 

50 GPa
18 GPa
58 GPa
0.36


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
51 MPa

 

9.1×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
3.72

 

67 W/(m K)
0.000022 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.1×10-9
-3.68×10-10
-2.27e-05

 

N/A

 

2.5×103 m/s
0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

231.93 °C
2602 °C
N/A
3.72

 

7 kJ/mol
290 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-31-5
{N/A, RTECSXP7320000}
{N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 3}
N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 1}
{N/A, 3}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A