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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Tantalum vs Carbon

Compare Tantalum and Carbon

Compare Tantalum and Carbon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Tantalum vs Carbon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ta vs C on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Tantalum
73
Ta
180.9479
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
3017 °C
5458 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 11, 2
CAS7440-25-7
Neighborhood Elements of Tantalum
Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon

History

History
The element Tantalum was discovered by Anders Gustaf Ekeberg in year 1802 in Sweden. Tantalum derived its name from from King Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
8×10-9%
N/A
2×10-6%
1.7e-06
2×10-10%
N/A
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

200 pm
10.867741741742 cm3
138 pm
N/A
20.5
tantalum Spectrum
330.13, 330.13, 330.13 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

tantalum Crystal Structure
67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
73
73
73
180.9479
107.9479
2, 8, 18, 32, 11, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
5d3 6s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4F3/2
tantalum Shells
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
181Ta.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.5
31 kJ/mol
761, 1.5×103 kJ/mol
4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

16.65 g/cm3
10.867741741742

 

186 GPa
69 GPa
200 GPa
0.34


 

6.5 MPa
873 MPa
800 MPa

 

7.7×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
4.47

 

57 W/(m K)
6.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.07×10-8
1.936×10-9
0.0001782

 

N/A

 

3.4×103 m/s
2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3017 °C
5458 °C
N/A
4.47

 

36 kJ/mol
735 kJ/mol
N/A
3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-25-7
RTECSWW5505000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A