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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sulfur vs Praseodymium

Compare Sulfur and Praseodymium

Compare Sulfur and Praseodymium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sulfur vs Praseodymium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare S vs Pr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sulfur
16
S
32.065
Solid
Yellow
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
2, 8, 6
CAS7704-34-9
Neighborhood Elements of Sulfur
Praseodymium
59
Pr
140.90765
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
931 °C
3290 °C
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
CAS7440-10-0
Neighborhood Elements of Praseodymium

History

History
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown place. Sulfur derived its name from from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'
The element Praseodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Praseodymium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek praseios didymos meaning 'green twin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0005
0.0004
0.04
0.00042
0.00093
0.002
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
9.8×10-6%
8.6e-06
6×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

88 pm
16.359693877551 cm3
102 pm
180 pm
0.52
sulfur Spectrum
1043.7, 1284.5, 2436.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fddd
70

Face Centered Orthorhombic

sulfur Crystal Structure
247 pm
21.221031626506 cm3
N/A
N/A
11.4
praseodymium Spectrum
367.25, 367.25, 1183.54 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

praseodymium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
16
16
16
32.065
16.065
2, 8, 6
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
3s2 3p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
sulfur Shells
59
59
59
140.90765
81.90765
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
4f3 6s2
 2;3;4;5
4I9/2
praseodymium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
141Pr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.58
200 kJ/mol
999.6, 2252, 3357, 4556, 7004.3, 8495.8, 27107, 31719, 36621, 43177 kJ/mol
4
1.13
50 kJ/mol
527, 1020, 2086, 3761, 5551 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.96 g/cm3
16.359693877551

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

2 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-15 S/m
1×1015 m Ω
N/A

 

0.205 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-1.99×10-10
-1.22e-05

 

1.001111

 

N/A
6.64 g/cm3
21.221031626506

 

37 GPa
15 GPa
29 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
400 MPa
481 MPa

 

1.4×106 S/m
7×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

13 W/(m K)
6.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.23×10-7
5.9604×10-8
0.0028087

 

N/A

 

2280 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

115.21 °C
444.72 °C
1314 K
N/A

 

1.73 kJ/mol
9.8 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
931 °C
3290 °C
N/A
N/A

 

6.9 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7704-34-9
{RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-10-0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A