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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sulfur vs Nitrogen

Compare Sulfur and Nitrogen

Compare Sulfur and Nitrogen on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sulfur vs Nitrogen with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare S vs N on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sulfur
16
S
32.065
Solid
Yellow
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
2, 8, 6
CAS7704-34-9
Neighborhood Elements of Sulfur
Nitrogen
7
N
14.0067
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p3
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
2, 5
CAS7727-37-9
Neighborhood Elements of Nitrogen

History

History
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown place. Sulfur derived its name from from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in United Kingdom. Nitrogen derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0005
0.0004
0.04
0.00042
0.00093
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.0014
2e-05
5e-07
0.026

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

88 pm
16.359693877551 cm3
102 pm
180 pm
0.52
sulfur Spectrum
1043.7, 1284.5, 2436.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fddd
70

Face Centered Orthorhombic

sulfur Crystal Structure
56 pm
11.196402877698 cm3
75 pm
155 pm
1.91
nitrogen Spectrum
386.1, 386.1, 626.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

nitrogen Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
16
16
16
32.065
16.065
2, 8, 6
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
3s2 3p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
sulfur Shells
7
7
7
14.0067
7.0067
2, 5
[He] 2s2 2p3
2s2 2p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
nitrogen Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
14N, 15N.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.58
200 kJ/mol
999.6, 2252, 3357, 4556, 7004.3, 8495.8, 27107, 31719, 36621, 43177 kJ/mol
3
3.04
7 kJ/mol
1402.3, 2856, 4578.1, 7475, 9444.9, 53266.6, 64360 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.96 g/cm3
16.359693877551

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

2 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-15 S/m
1×1015 m Ω
N/A

 

0.205 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-1.99×10-10
-1.22e-05

 

1.001111

 

N/A
1.251 g/l
11.196402877698

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02583 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.4×10-9
-1.5×10-10
-6.8×10-9

 

1.000298

 

333.6 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

115.21 °C
444.72 °C
1314 K
N/A

 

1.73 kJ/mol
9.8 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
126.21 K
N/A

 

0.36 kJ/mol
2.79 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7704-34-9
{RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7727-37-9
RTECSQW9700000
2.2
1977
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A