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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sulfur vs Arsenic

Compare Sulfur and Arsenic

Compare Sulfur and Arsenic on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sulfur vs Arsenic with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare S vs As on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sulfur
16
S
32.065
Solid
Yellow
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
2, 8, 6
CAS7704-34-9
Neighborhood Elements of Sulfur
Arsenic
33
As
74.9216
Solid
Silver
metalloid
15
nitrogen family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
817 °C
614 °C
2, 8, 18, 5
CAS7440-38-2
Neighborhood Elements of Arsenic

History

History
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown place. Sulfur derived its name from from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'
The element Arsenic was discovered by Bronze Age in year 1250 in unknown place. Arsenic derived its name derived its name from English word (Latin arsenicum)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0005
0.0004
0.04
0.00042
0.00093
0.002
8×10-7%
N/A
1.8e-06
2.1e-06
2.3×10-7%
5×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

88 pm
16.359693877551 cm3
102 pm
180 pm
0.52
sulfur Spectrum
1043.7, 1284.5, 2436.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fddd
70

Face Centered Orthorhombic

sulfur Crystal Structure
114 pm
13.082172166929 cm3
119 pm
185 pm
4.3
arsenic Spectrum
375.98, 375.98, 1054.75 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

arsenic Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
16
16
16
32.065
16.065
2, 8, 6
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
3s2 3p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
sulfur Shells
33
33
33
74.9216
41.9216
2, 8, 18, 5
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
4s2 4p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
arsenic Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
75As.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.58
200 kJ/mol
999.6, 2252, 3357, 4556, 7004.3, 8495.8, 27107, 31719, 36621, 43177 kJ/mol
5
2.18
78 kJ/mol
947, 1798, 2735, 4837, 6043, 12310 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.96 g/cm3
16.359693877551

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

2 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-15 S/m
1×1015 m Ω
N/A

 

0.205 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-1.99×10-10
-1.22e-05

 

1.001111

 

N/A
5.727 g/cm3
13.082172166929

 

8 GPa
N/A
22 GPa
N/A


 

3.5 MPa
N/A
1440 MPa

 

3.3×106 S/m
3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

50 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.9×10-9
-2.92×10-10
-2.23e-05

 

1.001552

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

115.21 °C
444.72 °C
1314 K
N/A

 

1.73 kJ/mol
9.8 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
817 °C
614 °C
N/A
N/A

 

27.7 kJ/mol
32.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7704-34-9
{RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-38-2
{N/A, RTECSCG0525000, N/A}
{N/A, 6.1, N/A}
"N/A", {1558}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 2, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 3, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A