;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Strontium vs Sodium

Compare Strontium and Sodium

Compare Strontium and Sodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Strontium vs Sodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sr vs Na on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Strontium
38
Sr
87.62
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
5
s
[Kr] 5s2
777 °C
1382 °C
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-24-6
Neighborhood Elements of Strontium
Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium

History

History
The element Strontium was discovered by William Cruickshank (chemist) in year 1790 in United Kingdom. Strontium derived its name from from Strontian, a small town in Scotland
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-6%
5×10-6%
8.7e-06
0.00036
8.1e-06
4.6e-06
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

219 pm
33.315589353612 cm3
192 pm
N/A
1.2
strontium Spectrum
608.49, 608.49, 608.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

strontium Crystal Structure
190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
38
38
38
87.62
49.62
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
[Kr] 5s2
5s2
 1;2
1S0
strontium Shells
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
84Sr, 86Sr, 87Sr, 88Sr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
0.95
5.03 kJ/mol
549.5, 1064.2, 4138, 5.5×103, 6910, 8760, 10230, 1.18×104, 1.56×104, 1.71×104 kJ/mol
1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.63 g/cm3
33.315589353612

 

N/A
6.1 GPa
N/A
0.28


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

7.7×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000225 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.32×10-9
1.16×10-10
3.47×10-6

 

N/A

 

N/A
0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

777 °C
1382 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
137 kJ/mol
N/A
97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-24-6
N/A
4.2
1383
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C

Compare With Other Elements