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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Strontium vs Chlorine

Compare Strontium and Chlorine

Compare Strontium and Chlorine on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Strontium vs Chlorine with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sr vs Cl on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Strontium
38
Sr
87.62
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
5
s
[Kr] 5s2
777 °C
1382 °C
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-24-6
Neighborhood Elements of Strontium
Chlorine
17
Cl
35.453
Gas
Yellow
halogens
17
fluorine family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
2, 8, 7
CAS7782-50-5
Neighborhood Elements of Chlorine

History

History
The element Strontium was discovered by William Cruickshank (chemist) in year 1790 in United Kingdom. Strontium derived its name from from Strontian, a small town in Scotland
The element Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden. Chlorine derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word chloros, meaning 'greenish yellow'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-6%
5×10-6%
8.7e-06
0.00036
8.1e-06
4.6e-06
1e-06
8e-06
0.00037
0.00017
0.02
0.0012

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

219 pm
33.315589353612 cm3
192 pm
N/A
1.2
strontium Spectrum
608.49, 608.49, 608.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

strontium Crystal Structure
79 pm
11.030802738021 cm3
99 pm
175 pm
35.3
chlorine Spectrum
622.35, 445.61, 817.85 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

chlorine Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
38
38
38
87.62
49.62
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
[Kr] 5s2
5s2
 1;2
1S0
strontium Shells
17
17
17
35.453
18.453
2, 8, 7
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
3s2 3p5
-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
chlorine Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
84Sr, 86Sr, 87Sr, 88Sr.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
35Cl, 37Cl.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
0.95
5.03 kJ/mol
549.5, 1064.2, 4138, 5.5×103, 6910, 8760, 10230, 1.18×104, 1.56×104, 1.71×104 kJ/mol
5
3.16
349 kJ/mol
1251.2, 2298, 3822, 5158.6, 6542, 9362, 11018, 33604, 3.86×104, 43961 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.63 g/cm3
33.315589353612

 

N/A
6.1 GPa
N/A
0.28


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

7.7×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000225 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.32×10-9
1.16×10-10
3.47×10-6

 

N/A

 

N/A
3.214 g/l
11.030802738021

 

N/A
N/A
1.1 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.01 S/m
100 m Ω
N/A

 

0.0089 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-7.2×10-9
-5.11×10-10
-2.31×10-8

 

1.000773

 

206 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

777 °C
1382 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
137 kJ/mol
N/A
-101.5 °C
-34.04 °C
416.9 K
N/A

 

3.2 kJ/mol
10.2 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-24-6
N/A
4.2
1383
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7782-50-5
RTECSFO2100000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A