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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sodium vs Rhodium

Compare Sodium and Rhodium

Compare Sodium and Rhodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sodium vs Rhodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Na vs Rh on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium
Rhodium
45
Rh
102.9055
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
1964 °C
3695 °C
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
CAS7440-16-6
Neighborhood Elements of Rhodium

History

History
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)
The element Rhodium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Rhodium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014
6×10-8%
2×10-7%
1.8e-07
7×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure
173 pm
8.2655020080321 cm3
135 pm
N/A
145
rhodium Spectrum
380.34, 380.34, 380.34 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

rhodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells
45
45
45
102.9055
57.9055
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
4d8 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
4F9/2
rhodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
103Rh.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol
6
2.28
109.7 kJ/mol
719.7, 1740, 2997 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s
12.45 g/cm3
8.2655020080321

 

275 GPa
150 GPa
380 GPa
0.26


 

6 MPa
1246 MPa
1.1×103 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.3×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.36×10-8
1.4×10-9
0.0001693

 

N/A

 

4.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A
1964 °C
3695 °C
N/A
N/A

 

21.7 kJ/mol
495 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C
CAS7440-16-6
RTECSVI9069000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A