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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sodium vs Boron

Compare Sodium and Boron

Compare Sodium and Boron on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sodium vs Boron with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Na vs B on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium
Boron
5
B
10.811
Solid
Black
metalloid
13
boron family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p1
2075 °C
4000 °C
2, 3
CAS7440-42-8
Neighborhood Elements of Boron

History

History
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)
The element Boron was discovered by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in year 1808 in France and United Kingdom. Boron derived its name derived its name from from borax, a mineral

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014
1×10-7%
2×10-7%
1.6e-06
8.6e-06
4.4e-06
7e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure
87 pm
4.3947154471545 cm3
82 pm
N/A
755
boron Spectrum
506, 506, 506 pm
1.01334, 1.01334, 1.01334
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

boron Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells
5
5
5
10.811
5.811
2, 3
[He] 2s2 2p1
2s2 2p1
-5;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
boron Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
10B, 11B.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol
3
2.04
26.7 kJ/mol
800.6, 2427.1, 3659.7, 25025.8, 32826.7 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s
2.46 g/cm3
4.3947154471545

 

N/A
N/A
320 GPa
N/A


 

9.3 MPa
4.9×104 MPa
N/A

 

0.0001 S/m
10000 m Ω
N/A

 

27 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-8.7×10-9
-9.41×10-11
-2.14e-05

 

N/A

 

1.62×104 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A
2075 °C
4000 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50 kJ/mol
507 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C
CAS7440-42-8
RTECSED7350000
N/A
N/A
N/A
3
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A