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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Sodium vs Barium

Compare Sodium and Barium

Compare Sodium and Barium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Sodium vs Barium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Na vs Ba on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium
Barium
56
Ba
137.327
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
6
s
[Xe] 6s2
727 °C
1870 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-39-3
Neighborhood Elements of Barium

History

History
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)
The element Barium was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1808 in United Kingdom. Barium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek barys, meaning 'heavy'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
2.7e-06
0.00034
3×10-6%
3e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure
253 pm
39.124501424501 cm3
198 pm
N/A
1.3
barium Spectrum
502.8, 502.8, 502.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

barium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells
56
56
56
137.327
81.327
2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
[Xe] 6s2
6s2
 1;2
1S0
barium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
130Ba, 132Ba, 134Ba, 135Ba, 136Ba, 137Ba, 138Ba.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol
2
0.89
13.95 kJ/mol
502.9, 965.2, 3.6×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s
3.51 g/cm3
39.124501424501

 

13 GPa
4.9 GPa
9.6 GPa
N/A


 

1.25 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2.9×106 S/m
3.5×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

18 W/(m K)
0.0000206 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.13×10-8
1.552×10-9
3.966e-05

 

N/A

 

1620 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A
727 °C
1870 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
140 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C
CAS7440-39-3
RTECSCQ8370000
4.3
1400
N/A
1
Water Reactive
2
2

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements