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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silver vs Ruthenium

Compare Silver and Ruthenium

Compare Silver and Ruthenium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silver vs Ruthenium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ag vs Ru on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silver
47
Ag
107.8682
Solid
Silver
transition metal
11
copper family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
961.78 °C
2162 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
CAS7440-22-4
Neighborhood Elements of Silver
Ruthenium
44
Ru
101.07
Solid
Silver
transition metal
8
iron family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
2334 °C
4150 °C
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
CAS7440-18-8
Neighborhood Elements of Ruthenium

History

History
The element Silver was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Silver derived its name from from English word (argentum in Latin)
The element Ruthenium was discovered by Karl Ernst Claus in year 1844 in Russia. Ruthenium derived its name derived its name from from Ruthenia, the New Latin name for Russia

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.4e-07
7.9×10-6%
1×10-8%
N/A
4×10-7%
5×10-7%
8.1e-07
9.9×10-8%
7×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

165 pm
10.282955195424 cm3
153 pm
172 pm
63.6
silver Spectrum
408.53, 408.53, 408.53 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

silver Crystal Structure
178 pm
8.1705739692805 cm3
126 pm
N/A
2.6
ruthenium Spectrum
270.59, 270.59, 428.15 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

ruthenium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
47
47
47
107.8682
60.8682
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
4d10 5s1
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
silver Shells
44
44
44
101.07
57.07
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
4d7 5s1
-4;-2  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8
5F5
ruthenium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
107Ag, 109Ag.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
100Ru, 101Ru, 102Ru, 104Ru, 96Ru, 98Ru, 99Ru.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
1.93
125.6 kJ/mol
731, 2070, 3361 kJ/mol
6
2.2
101.3 kJ/mol
710.2, 1620, 2747 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

10.49 g/cm3
10.282955195424

 

83 GPa
30 GPa
100 GPa
0.37


 

2.5 MPa
251 MPa
24.5 MPa

 

6.2×107 S/m
1.6×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

430 W/(m K)
0.0000189 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.27×10-9
-2.45×10-10
-2.38e-05

 

N/A

 

2.6×103 m/s
12.37 g/cm3
8.1705739692805

 

447 GPa
173 GPa
220 GPa
0.3


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
2160 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7.1×10-8 m Ω
0.49

 

120 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.42×10-9
5.48×10-10
6.7e-05

 

N/A

 

5970 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

961.78 °C
2162 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.3 kJ/mol
255 kJ/mol
N/A
2334 °C
4150 °C
N/A
0.49

 

25.7 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-22-4
RTECSVW3500000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-18-8
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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