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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silicon vs Titanium

Compare Silicon and Titanium

Compare Silicon and Titanium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silicon vs Titanium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Si vs Ti on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silicon
14
Si
28.0855
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
2, 8, 4
CAS7440-21-3
Neighborhood Elements of Silicon
Titanium
22
Ti
47.867
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
1668 °C
3287 °C
2, 8, 10, 2
CAS7440-32-6
Neighborhood Elements of Titanium

History

History
The element Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden. Silicon derived its name from from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
The element Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in year 1791 in United Kingdom. Titanium derived its name derived its name from from Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0007
0.0009
0.14
0.27
1e-06
0.00026
3e-06
4e-06
0.00054
0.0066
1×10-7%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

111 pm
12.053862660944 cm3
111 pm
210 pm
171
silicon Spectrum
543.09, 543.09, 543.09 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fd_ 3m
227

Tetrahedral Packing

silicon Crystal Structure
176 pm
10.620590193033 cm3
136 pm
N/A
6.1
titanium Spectrum
295.08, 295.08, 468.55 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

titanium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
14
14
14
28.0855
14.0855
2, 8, 4
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
3s2 3p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
silicon Shells
22
22
22
47.867
25.867
2, 8, 10, 2
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
3d2 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F2
titanium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, 50Ti.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.9
133.6 kJ/mol
786.5, 1577.1, 3231.6, 4355.5, 16091, 19805, 23780, 29287, 33878, 38726 kJ/mol
4
1.54
7.6 kJ/mol
658.8, 1309.8, 2652.5, 4174.6, 9581, 11533, 13590, 16440, 18530, 20833, 25575, 28125, 76015, 83280, 90880, 1.007×105, 1.091×105, 1.178×105, 1.299×105, 137530, 602930 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.33 g/cm3
12.053862660944

 

47 GPa
N/A
100 GPa
N/A


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×103 S/m
0.001 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
2.6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.6×10-9
-4.49×10-11
-3.73×10-6

 

N/A

 

2.2×103 m/s
4.507 g/cm3
10.620590193033

 

116 GPa
44 GPa
110 GPa
0.32


 

6 MPa
970 MPa
716 MPa

 

2.5×106 S/m
4×10-7 m Ω
0.4

 

22 W/(m K)
8.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.01×10-8
1.919×10-9
0.0001807

 

N/A

 

4140 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50.2 kJ/mol
359 kJ/mol
-9055 J/(kg K)
1668 °C
3287 °C
N/A
0.4

 

18.7 kJ/mol
425 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-21-3
RTECSVW0400000
4.1
1346
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7440-32-6
N/A
4.2
2546
N/A
1
N/A
1
2

 

250 °C
N/A