;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silicon vs Tellurium

Compare Silicon and Tellurium

Compare Silicon and Tellurium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silicon vs Tellurium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Si vs Te on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silicon
14
Si
28.0855
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
2, 8, 4
CAS7440-21-3
Neighborhood Elements of Silicon
Tellurium
52
Te
127.6
Solid
Silver
metalloid
16
oxygen family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
449.51 °C
988 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 6
CAS13494-80-9
Neighborhood Elements of Tellurium

History

History
The element Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden. Silicon derived its name from from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
The element Tellurium was discovered by Franz-Joseph Müller von Reichenstein in year 1783 in Romania. Tellurium derived its name derived its name from from Latin tellus, meaning 'earth'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0007
0.0009
0.14
0.27
1e-06
0.00026
9×10-7%
N/A
2.1e-06
9.9×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

111 pm
12.053862660944 cm3
111 pm
210 pm
171
silicon Spectrum
543.09, 543.09, 543.09 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fd_ 3m
227

Tetrahedral Packing

silicon Crystal Structure
123 pm
20.448717948718 cm3
135 pm
206 pm
5.4
tellurium Spectrum
445.72, 445.72, 592.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P3121
152

Simple Trigonal

tellurium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
14
14
14
28.0855
14.0855
2, 8, 4
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
3s2 3p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
silicon Shells
52
52
52
127.6
75.6
2, 8, 18, 18, 6
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
5s2 5p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
tellurium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
120Te, 122Te, 124Te, 125Te, 126Te.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.9
133.6 kJ/mol
786.5, 1577.1, 3231.6, 4355.5, 16091, 19805, 23780, 29287, 33878, 38726 kJ/mol
6
2.1
190.2 kJ/mol
869.3, 1790, 2698, 3610, 5668, 6820, 1.32×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.33 g/cm3
12.053862660944

 

47 GPa
N/A
100 GPa
N/A


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×103 S/m
0.001 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
2.6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.6×10-9
-4.49×10-11
-3.73×10-6

 

N/A

 

2.2×103 m/s
6.24 g/cm3
20.448717948718

 

43 GPa
16 GPa
65 GPa
N/A


 

2.25 MPa
N/A
180 MPa

 

1×104 S/m
0.0001 m Ω
N/A

 

3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.9×10-9
-4.98×10-10
-2.43e-05

 

1.000991

 

2610 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50.2 kJ/mol
359 kJ/mol
-9055 J/(kg K)
449.51 °C
988 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.5 kJ/mol
48 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-21-3
RTECSVW0400000
4.1
1346
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS13494-80-9
RTECSWY2625000
6.1
2811
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

340 °C
N/A