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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silicon vs Silver

Compare Silicon and Silver

Compare Silicon and Silver on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silicon vs Silver with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Si vs Ag on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silicon
14
Si
28.0855
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
2, 8, 4
CAS7440-21-3
Neighborhood Elements of Silicon
Silver
47
Ag
107.8682
Solid
Silver
transition metal
11
copper family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
961.78 °C
2162 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
CAS7440-22-4
Neighborhood Elements of Silver

History

History
The element Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden. Silicon derived its name from from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
The element Silver was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Silver derived its name derived its name from from English word (argentum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0007
0.0009
0.14
0.27
1e-06
0.00026
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.4e-07
7.9×10-6%
1×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

111 pm
12.053862660944 cm3
111 pm
210 pm
171
silicon Spectrum
543.09, 543.09, 543.09 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fd_ 3m
227

Tetrahedral Packing

silicon Crystal Structure
165 pm
10.282955195424 cm3
153 pm
172 pm
63.6
silver Spectrum
408.53, 408.53, 408.53 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

silver Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
14
14
14
28.0855
14.0855
2, 8, 4
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
3s2 3p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
silicon Shells
47
47
47
107.8682
60.8682
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
4d10 5s1
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
silver Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
107Ag, 109Ag.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.9
133.6 kJ/mol
786.5, 1577.1, 3231.6, 4355.5, 16091, 19805, 23780, 29287, 33878, 38726 kJ/mol
1
1.93
125.6 kJ/mol
731, 2070, 3361 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.33 g/cm3
12.053862660944

 

47 GPa
N/A
100 GPa
N/A


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×103 S/m
0.001 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
2.6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.6×10-9
-4.49×10-11
-3.73×10-6

 

N/A

 

2.2×103 m/s
10.49 g/cm3
10.282955195424

 

83 GPa
30 GPa
100 GPa
0.37


 

2.5 MPa
251 MPa
24.5 MPa

 

6.2×107 S/m
1.6×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

430 W/(m K)
0.0000189 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.27×10-9
-2.45×10-10
-2.38e-05

 

N/A

 

2.6×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50.2 kJ/mol
359 kJ/mol
-9055 J/(kg K)
961.78 °C
2162 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.3 kJ/mol
255 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-21-3
RTECSVW0400000
4.1
1346
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7440-22-4
RTECSVW3500000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A