;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silicon vs Krypton

Compare Silicon and Krypton

Compare Silicon and Krypton on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silicon vs Krypton with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Si vs Kr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silicon
14
Si
28.0855
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
2, 8, 4
CAS7440-21-3
Neighborhood Elements of Silicon
Krypton
36
Kr
83.798
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
-157.36 °C
-153.22 °C
2, 8, 18, 8
CAS7439-90-9
Neighborhood Elements of Krypton

History

History
The element Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden. Silicon derived its name from from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
The element Krypton was discovered by William Ramsay in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Krypton derived its name derived its name from from the Greek kryptos, meaning 'hidden'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0007
0.0009
0.14
0.27
1e-06
0.00026
4×10-6%
N/A
N/A
1.5×10-8%
2.1×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

111 pm
12.053862660944 cm3
111 pm
210 pm
171
silicon Spectrum
543.09, 543.09, 543.09 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fd_ 3m
227

Tetrahedral Packing

silicon Crystal Structure
88 pm
22.346133333333 cm3
110 pm
202 pm
25
krypton Spectrum
570.6, 570.6, 570.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

krypton Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
14
14
14
28.0855
14.0855
2, 8, 4
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
3s2 3p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
silicon Shells
36
36
36
83.798
47.798
2, 8, 18, 8
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
4s2 4p6
 2
1S0
krypton Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
78Kr, 80Kr, 82Kr, 83Kr, 84Kr, 86Kr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.9
133.6 kJ/mol
786.5, 1577.1, 3231.6, 4355.5, 16091, 19805, 23780, 29287, 33878, 38726 kJ/mol
2
3
0 kJ/mol
1350.8, 2350.4, 3565, 5070, 6240, 7570, 10710, 12138, 22274, 25880, 2.97×104, 3.38×104, 3.77×104, 4.31×104, 4.75×104, 5.22×104, 5.71×104, 6.18×104, 7.58×104, 8.04×104, 8.53×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.33 g/cm3
12.053862660944

 

47 GPa
N/A
100 GPa
N/A


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×103 S/m
0.001 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
2.6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.6×10-9
-4.49×10-11
-3.73×10-6

 

N/A

 

2.2×103 m/s
3.75 g/l
22.346133333333

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.00943 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.4×10-9
-3.69×10-10
-1.65×10-8

 

1.000427

 

1120 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50.2 kJ/mol
359 kJ/mol
-9055 J/(kg K)
-157.36 °C
-153.22 °C
209.41 K
N/A

 

1.64 kJ/mol
9.02 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-21-3
RTECSVW0400000
4.1
1346
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7439-90-9
RTECSOC6772500
2.2
1970
EU231-098-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A