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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Silicon vs Gold

Compare Silicon and Gold

Compare Silicon and Gold on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Silicon vs Gold with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Si vs Au on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Silicon
14
Si
28.0855
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
2, 8, 4
CAS7440-21-3
Neighborhood Elements of Silicon
Gold
79
Au
196.96655
Solid
Gold
transition metal
11
copper family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
CAS7440-57-5
Neighborhood Elements of Gold

History

History
The element Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden. Silicon derived its name from from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium)
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year 2500 BC in unknown place. Gold derived its name derived its name from from English word (aurum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0007
0.0009
0.14
0.27
1e-06
0.00026
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.1×10-7%
5×10-9%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

111 pm
12.053862660944 cm3
111 pm
210 pm
171
silicon Spectrum
543.09, 543.09, 543.09 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fd_ 3m
227

Tetrahedral Packing

silicon Crystal Structure
174 pm
10.205520725389 cm3
144 pm
166 pm
98.7
gold Spectrum
407.82, 407.82, 407.82 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

gold Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
14
14
14
28.0855
14.0855
2, 8, 4
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
3s2 3p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
silicon Shells
79
79
79
196.96655
117.96655
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
5d10 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;5
2S1/2
gold Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
197Au.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.9
133.6 kJ/mol
786.5, 1577.1, 3231.6, 4355.5, 16091, 19805, 23780, 29287, 33878, 38726 kJ/mol
5
2.54
222.8 kJ/mol
890.1, 1980 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

2.33 g/cm3
12.053862660944

 

47 GPa
N/A
100 GPa
N/A


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×103 S/m
0.001 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
2.6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.6×10-9
-4.49×10-11
-3.73×10-6

 

N/A

 

2.2×103 m/s
19.3 g/cm3
10.205520725389

 

78 GPa
27 GPa
220 GPa
0.44


 

2.5 MPa
216 MPa
2450 MPa

 

4.5×107 S/m
2.2×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

320 W/(m K)
0.0000142 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.78×10-9
-3.51×10-10
-3.44e-05

 

N/A

 

1740 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1414 °C
2.9×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

50.2 kJ/mol
359 kJ/mol
-9055 J/(kg K)
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
N/A
N/A

 

12.5 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-21-3
RTECSVW0400000
4.1
1346
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7440-57-5
RTECSMD5070000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A