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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Samarium vs Plutonium

Compare Samarium and Plutonium

Compare Samarium and Plutonium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Samarium vs Plutonium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sm vs Pu on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Samarium
62
Sm
150.36
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
1072 °C
1803 °C
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
CAS7440-19-9
Neighborhood Elements of Samarium
Plutonium
94
Pu
244
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
640 °C
3230 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
CAS7440-07-5
Neighborhood Elements of Plutonium

History

History
The element Samarium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1879 in France. Samarium derived its name from from Samarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated
The element Plutonium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg in year 1940 in United States. Plutonium derived its name derived its name from from Pluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System (then considered the ninth planet)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
6e-06
4.5×10-11%
N/A
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

238 pm
20.448796409629 cm3
N/A
N/A
5.9×103
samarium Spectrum
362.1, 362.1, 2625 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

samarium Crystal Structure
175 pm
12.313282196205 cm3
N/A
N/A
1.7
plutonium Spectrum
618.3, 482.2, 1096.3 pm
π/2, 1.776571, π/2
P121/m1
11

Simple Monoclinic

plutonium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
62
62
62
150.36
88.36
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
4f6 6s2
 2;3
7F0
samarium Shells
94
94
94
244
150
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
5f6 7s2
 2;3;4;5;6;7
7F0
plutonium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
144Sm, 149Sm, 150Sm, 152Sm, 154Sm.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.17
50 kJ/mol
544.5, 1070, 2260, 3990 kJ/mol
6
1.28
N/A
584.7 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.353 g/cm3
20.448796409629

 

50 GPa
20 GPa
38 GPa
0.27


 

N/A
412 MPa
441 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

13 W/(m K)
0.0000127 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.11×10-7
1.669×10-8
0.00081618

 

N/A

 

2130 m/s
19.816 g/cm3
12.313282196205

 

96 GPa
43 GPa
N/A
0.21


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

6.7×105 S/m
1.5×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

6 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
3.17×10-8
7.735×10-9
0.0006282

 

N/A

 

2260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1072 °C
1803 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8.6 kJ/mol
175 kJ/mol
N/A
640 °C
3230 °C
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
325 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-19-9
N/A
4.1
1325
N/A
1
N/A
1
1

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7440-07-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
EU231-117-7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A