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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Samarium vs Neodymium

Compare Samarium and Neodymium

Compare Samarium and Neodymium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Samarium vs Neodymium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sm vs Nd on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Samarium
62
Sm
150.36
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
1072 °C
1803 °C
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
CAS7440-19-9
Neighborhood Elements of Samarium
Neodymium
60
Nd
144.24
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
CAS7440-00-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neodymium

History

History
The element Samarium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1879 in France. Samarium derived its name from from Samarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Neodymium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
6e-06
4.5×10-11%
N/A
1×10-6%
3×10-7%
5e-07
3.3e-05
2.8×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

238 pm
20.448796409629 cm3
N/A
N/A
5.9×103
samarium Spectrum
362.1, 362.1, 2625 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

samarium Crystal Structure
206 pm
20.576319543509 cm3
N/A
N/A
49
neodymium Spectrum
365.8, 365.8, 1179.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

neodymium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
62
62
62
150.36
88.36
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
4f6 6s2
 2;3
7F0
samarium Shells
60
60
60
144.24
84.24
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
4f4 6s2
 2;3;4
5I4
neodymium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
144Sm, 149Sm, 150Sm, 152Sm, 154Sm.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.17
50 kJ/mol
544.5, 1070, 2260, 3990 kJ/mol
3
1.14
50 kJ/mol
533.1, 1040, 2130, 3.9×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.353 g/cm3
20.448796409629

 

50 GPa
20 GPa
38 GPa
0.27


 

N/A
412 MPa
441 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

13 W/(m K)
0.0000127 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.11×10-7
1.669×10-8
0.00081618

 

N/A

 

2130 m/s
7.01 g/cm3
20.576319543509

 

41 GPa
16 GPa
32 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
343 MPa
265 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
9.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.8×10-7
6.9235×10-8
0.0033648

 

N/A

 

2330 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1072 °C
1803 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8.6 kJ/mol
175 kJ/mol
N/A
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.1 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-19-9
N/A
4.1
1325
N/A
1
N/A
1
1

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7440-00-8
RTECSQO8575000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A