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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Samarium vs Hafnium

Compare Samarium and Hafnium

Compare Samarium and Hafnium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Samarium vs Hafnium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Sm vs Hf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Samarium
62
Sm
150.36
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
1072 °C
1803 °C
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
CAS7440-19-9
Neighborhood Elements of Samarium
Hafnium
72
Hf
178.49
Solid
Gray
transition metal
4
titanium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
2233 °C
4603 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
CAS7440-58-6
Neighborhood Elements of Hafnium

History

History
The element Samarium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1879 in France. Samarium derived its name from from Samarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated
The element Hafnium was discovered by Dirk Coster in year 1923 in Denmark. Hafnium derived its name derived its name from from Hafnia, the New Latin name for Copenhagen

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
6e-06
4.5×10-11%
N/A
7×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.3e-06
8×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

238 pm
20.448796409629 cm3
N/A
N/A
5.9×103
samarium Spectrum
362.1, 362.1, 2625 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

samarium Crystal Structure
208 pm
13.410217881292 cm3
150 pm
N/A
104
hafnium Spectrum
319.64, 319.64, 505.11 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hafnium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
62
62
62
150.36
88.36
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
4f6 6s2
 2;3
7F0
samarium Shells
72
72
72
178.49
106.49
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
5d2 6s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
hafnium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
144Sm, 149Sm, 150Sm, 152Sm, 154Sm.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
176Hf, 177Hf, 178Hf, 179Hf, 180Hf.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.17
50 kJ/mol
544.5, 1070, 2260, 3990 kJ/mol
4
1.3
0 kJ/mol
658.5, 1440, 2250, 3216 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.353 g/cm3
20.448796409629

 

50 GPa
20 GPa
38 GPa
0.27


 

N/A
412 MPa
441 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

13 W/(m K)
0.0000127 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.11×10-7
1.669×10-8
0.00081618

 

N/A

 

2130 m/s
13.31 g/cm3
13.410217881292

 

78 GPa
30 GPa
110 GPa
0.37


 

5.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1.7×103 MPa

 

3.3×106 S/m
3×10-7 m Ω
0.128

 

23 W/(m K)
5.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.3×10-9
9.46×10-10
7.05e-05

 

N/A

 

3010 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1072 °C
1803 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8.6 kJ/mol
175 kJ/mol
N/A
2233 °C
4603 °C
N/A
0.128

 

25.5 kJ/mol
630 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-19-9
N/A
4.1
1325
N/A
1
N/A
1
1

 

150 °C
N/A
CAS7440-58-6
RTECSMG4600000
4.2
2545
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A