;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Ruthenium vs Scandium

Compare Ruthenium and Scandium

Compare Ruthenium and Scandium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Ruthenium vs Scandium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ru vs Sc on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Ruthenium
44
Ru
101.07
Solid
Silver
transition metal
8
iron family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
2334 °C
4150 °C
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
CAS7440-18-8
Neighborhood Elements of Ruthenium
Scandium
21
Sc
44.95591
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d1 4s2
1541 °C
2830 °C
2, 8, 9, 2
CAS7440-20-2
Neighborhood Elements of Scandium

History

History
The element Ruthenium was discovered by Karl Ernst Claus in year 1844 in Russia. Ruthenium derived its name from from Ruthenia, the New Latin name for Russia
The element Scandium was discovered by Lars Fredrik Nilson in year 1879 in Sweden. Scandium derived its name derived its name from from Scandia, the Latin name for Scandinavia

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-7%
5×10-7%
8.1e-07
9.9×10-8%
7×10-11%
N/A
3×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.4e-06
2.6e-05
1.5×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

178 pm
8.1705739692805 cm3
126 pm
N/A
2.6
ruthenium Spectrum
270.59, 270.59, 428.15 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

ruthenium Crystal Structure
184 pm
15.060606365159 cm3
144 pm
N/A
27.2
scandium Spectrum
330.9, 330.9, 527.33 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

scandium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
44
44
44
101.07
57.07
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
4d7 5s1
-4;-2  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8
5F5
ruthenium Shells
21
21
21
44.95591
23.95591
2, 8, 9, 2
[Ar] 3d1 4s2
3d1 4s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
scandium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
100Ru, 101Ru, 102Ru, 104Ru, 96Ru, 98Ru, 99Ru.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
45Sc.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.2
101.3 kJ/mol
710.2, 1620, 2747 kJ/mol
3
1.36
18.1 kJ/mol
633.1, 1235, 2388.6, 7090.6, 8843, 10679, 13310, 15250, 17370, 21726, 24102, 66320, 73010, 80160, 89490, 9.74×104, 1.056×105, 1.17×105, 124270, 547530, 582163 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

12.37 g/cm3
8.1705739692805

 

447 GPa
173 GPa
220 GPa
0.3


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
2160 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7.1×10-8 m Ω
0.49

 

120 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.42×10-9
5.48×10-10
6.7e-05

 

N/A

 

5970 m/s
2.985 g/cm3
15.060606365159

 

74 GPa
29 GPa
57 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
N/A
750 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.5×10-7 m Ω
0.05

 

16 W/(m K)
0.0000102 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-8
3.956×10-9
0.0002627

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2334 °C
4150 °C
N/A
0.49

 

25.7 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A
1541 °C
2830 °C
N/A
0.05

 

16 kJ/mol
318 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-18-8
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-20-2
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories