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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Ruthenium vs Rhodium

Compare Ruthenium and Rhodium

Compare Ruthenium and Rhodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Ruthenium vs Rhodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ru vs Rh on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Ruthenium
44
Ru
101.07
Solid
Silver
transition metal
8
iron family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
2334 °C
4150 °C
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
CAS7440-18-8
Neighborhood Elements of Ruthenium
Rhodium
45
Rh
102.9055
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
1964 °C
3695 °C
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
CAS7440-16-6
Neighborhood Elements of Rhodium

History

History
The element Ruthenium was discovered by Karl Ernst Claus in year 1844 in Russia. Ruthenium derived its name from from Ruthenia, the New Latin name for Russia
The element Rhodium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Rhodium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
4×10-7%
5×10-7%
8.1e-07
9.9×10-8%
7×10-11%
N/A
6×10-8%
2×10-7%
1.8e-07
7×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

178 pm
8.1705739692805 cm3
126 pm
N/A
2.6
ruthenium Spectrum
270.59, 270.59, 428.15 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

ruthenium Crystal Structure
173 pm
8.2655020080321 cm3
135 pm
N/A
145
rhodium Spectrum
380.34, 380.34, 380.34 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

rhodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
44
44
44
101.07
57.07
2, 8, 18, 15, 1
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
4d7 5s1
-4;-2  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8
5F5
ruthenium Shells
45
45
45
102.9055
57.9055
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
4d8 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
4F9/2
rhodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
100Ru, 101Ru, 102Ru, 104Ru, 96Ru, 98Ru, 99Ru.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
103Rh.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.2
101.3 kJ/mol
710.2, 1620, 2747 kJ/mol
6
2.28
109.7 kJ/mol
719.7, 1740, 2997 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

12.37 g/cm3
8.1705739692805

 

447 GPa
173 GPa
220 GPa
0.3


 

6.5 MPa
N/A
2160 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7.1×10-8 m Ω
0.49

 

120 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.42×10-9
5.48×10-10
6.7e-05

 

N/A

 

5970 m/s
12.45 g/cm3
8.2655020080321

 

275 GPa
150 GPa
380 GPa
0.26


 

6 MPa
1246 MPa
1.1×103 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.3×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.36×10-8
1.4×10-9
0.0001693

 

N/A

 

4.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2334 °C
4150 °C
N/A
0.49

 

25.7 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A
1964 °C
3695 °C
N/A
N/A

 

21.7 kJ/mol
495 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-18-8
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-16-6
RTECSVI9069000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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